Cii Radio | 02 Ramadan 1436/19 June 2015
Do we know who are the ten that were promised Paradise in their lifetimes? Given that assurance from the blessed tongue of RasulAllah SAW himself by name? It is necessary that part of our aim to be good Muslims is to acquaint ourselves with the Sahabah RA. Every person should assess whether we are more knowledgeable regarding celebrities of the world of music,movies and sport or with the Sahaba RA? If not, inshaAllah ,this is a chance to rebalance the scales of our inclination.
In rank of virtue the Asharah Mubasharah are considered the best of the Ummah of Nabi SAW. They were:
1. Abu Bakr bin Abu Quhafa(Radi Allah Anhu)
2.UmarFarooq bin Khattab(Radi Allah Anhu)
3. UsmanGhani bin Affaan(Radi Allah Anhu)
4. Ali al-Murtada bin AbiTalib(Radi Allah Anhu)
5. Sa’d bin Waqaas(Radi Allah Anhu)
6. Sa’iid bin Zaid(Radi Allah Anhu)
7. Talha bin Ubaidullah(Radi Allah Anhu)
8. Zubair bin al Awwam(Radi Allah Anhu)
9.AbdurRahmaan bin Auf (Radi Allah Anhu)
10.AbuUbaidah bin Jarraah(Radi Allah Anhu)
“Not equal among you are those who spent (freely) and fought before the Victory, (with those who did so later). Those are higher in rank than those who spent (freely) and fought afterwards. But to all has God promised a goodly (reward). And God is well acquainted with all that you do” (Al-Hadid, 57/10).
As is clearly seen in this verse, Allah promises Heaven to all the Companions. Just as the Companions, who had many admirable traits, were given the good news of Paradise in general, there are also those who were promised Heaven individually while here on earth. The term AsharaMubashara (the ten who were promised Paradise) designates those who were given these glad tidings by the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) while they were living in this world. In addition to the term “AsharaMubashara,” the phrase with the same meaning – “al-Mubasharabil-Jannah” – was also used.
Some common traits of the AsharaMubashara:
All became Muslim in the early years of Islam.
They made great service to the Prophet and the Islamic cause.
They fought alongside Nabi SAW
They swore allegiance to the Prophet at Hudaybiya.
There are many narrations in hadith sources regarding their virtues.
Sources of sound hadiths with narrations on these Companions.
ABDURRAHMAN IBN AWF RA: He is one of the first Muslims. His original name was Abdulkaaba or, according to another view, Abdu Amr. He was known by the title of Abu Muhammad.
Abdurrahman was born approximately twenty years after the Event of the Elephant.
His mother was Sifa binti Awf b. Adil-Haris b. Zuhra b. Qilab. He was the son of Haris the Banu Zuhra of the Quraish tribe.
AbdurrahmanRA , who entered Islam during the days of activity in Arkam’s house, was given this name by the Prophet SAW.
He joined both migrations to Abyssinia. Eventually, when Muhammad SAW encouraged the Companions to migrate to Medina, he did so with the others.
Abdurrahman b. Awf RA began trading in the Medina market and Allah gave him great wealth. Known as one of the most generous Companions, Abdurrahman b. Awf RA made great contributions in Allah’s path to many military expeditions, particular the Tabuk expedition.
When he became very old during Uthman’s time, Abdurrahman lived a very quiet life and finally died in Medina in the year 32 H.
He was the one who used to support the wives of Nabi SAW financially after the death of Nabi SAW.
ABU UBAIDAH IBN JARRÂH RA
Mentioned with the title “Custodian of the Ummah,” His original name was Amir ibn Abdullah ibn al-Jarrah. He is the BanuFihr of the Quraish tribe. His genealogy connects with the Prophet’s genealogy in their forefather Fihr.
Abu Ubaidah became Muslim by means of Abu Bakr RA’s invitation or by going to the Prophet with his friends under the leadership of Uthman ibn Maz. He was among the second convoy of immigrants to Abyssinia. Like the other great Companions, Abu Ubaidah participated in all the military expeditions. He was always at the Prophet’s side in the conquest of Mecca, the siege of Taif, and the Farewell Pilgrimage. During the jihad activities in Umar’s time Abu UbaidahibnJarrah participated in the conquests in the Syria region which began during Abu Bakr’s caliphate, and he served as a commander.
He became ill during the plague in Syria, Egypt and Iraq historically called the AmwasTauna, and he refused to leave even though he was called to leave the place citing the hadith that one should remain if one is in a place where plague spreads.Obedience right till the end.
SA’D IBN ABI WAQQAS RA
Sa’dibnAbiWaqqas Malik ibnWuhaybibnAbdiMenafibnZuhra. Because the Prophet’s mother was the BanuZuhra, his genealogy meets the Prophet’s on his mother’s side. Sa’d’s mother was HamenebintiSufyanibnUmayya.
Sa’dRA was one of the first to accept the Islamic faith. He remained in Mecca until the migration to Medina.
He participated in the battles of Badr, Uhud, the Ditch, Hudaybiya, Haybar, the conquest of Mecca and all other military expeditions. He performed great service, both military and political, during the caliphate periods.
He was the first to shoot an arrow in the path of Allah.
Sa’d RA passed away in the Aqiq valley outside of Medina where he was residing in the year of 55 H.
SA’ID IBN ZAYD RA
His father was ZaidibnAmr and his genealogy meets with the Prophet’s in Ka’b.He was also called Abu Tur.
His mother was Fatima bintiBa’ja. His father Zaid belonged to the Haneef religion of Abraham.
Said RA was raised according to the Haneef religion which his father Zaid taught him. He was quick to follow the Prophet Muhammad SAW.
He was married to Umar RA’s sister Fatima.
With the exception of Badr, Said ibnZaid participated in the battle at Uhud, the Ditch and all other battles.
Said spent the last days of his life on his farm in the Aqiq valley outside of Medina and, surpassing the age of seventy, he died in 50 or 51 H.
TALHA IBN UBAYDULLAH RA
TalhaibnUbaydullahibnUthmanibnAmribnSa’dibnTaymibnMurraibnQatbibnLueyyibnGalib al Qurasi at-Taymi.
Talha was one of the first eight people to accept Islam and one of five people who became Muslim through Abu Bakr.
Talha was of medium height, broad-chested, broad-shouldered and had large feet. He was dark complexioned with thick hair, but his hair was neither short and curly nor long and straight. He had a smiling face with a thin nose. He did not dye his hair. He walked quickly and would turn with his whole body towards the place he was headed.
Although he did not fight at Badr, he joined many other battles. He heroically defended the Prophet at Uhud.
Abu Bakr RA said – The day of Uhud was Talha’s day. He fought singlehandedly blocking Nabi SAW from the enemy that his hand became paralyzed due the wounds inflicted. Upto 80 wounds were counted on his body due to the Battle of Uhud.
He was killed at the Battle of the Camel by Marwan ibnHakam. It is estimated that he was between 60-64 years of age at the time of his death.
ZUBAYR IBN AWWAM RA
The cousin of RasulAllah SAW, Zubayribn al-AwwamibnKhuwaylidibnAsadibnAbdil-UzzaibnQusayyibnQilabibnMurraibnKa’bibnLueyy al-Qurasi al Asadi. He was called “Abu Abdullah” because of his oldest son Abdullah. He was the Prophet SAW’s friend and disciple and, at the same time, the son of his aunt Safiyyah binti Abdul muttalib.
After Umar’s death he was one of the 6-member council established to make the election of the Khalif.
He was either the fourth or fifth Muslim. However, neither his date of birth nor the age at which he became Muslim is known for sure. He migrated to Abyssinia.
Just as he fought in all the battles, he played an important role in the conquest of Egypt.
He fought in the battle of Siffin; however, he later left the war. On the road to Medina when he came to water belonging to the Tamim tribe, AmribnJarmouz began to follow him. He killed Zubayr at a place called the Siba Valley.
The four Khulafaa will be mentioned separately and anecdotes on the Asharah Mubasharah mentioned above will also follow.
May Allah be please with His faithful slaves, ameen.