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Janazah Salah

Comprehensive method of Janaazah Salaah

 

 

 

Make the intention for Janaazah Salaah in the heart as follows: “I am performing  Janaazah Salaah for the sake of Allah as a Dua for the deceased.”

 

The Imaam will recite the first Takbeer (Allahu Akbar). The congregation will recite the Takbeer inaudibly and thereafter recite Thanaa:

سُبْحَانَكَ اللّٰهُمَّ وَبِحَمْدِكَ وَتَبَارَكَ اسْمُكَ وَتَعَالٰى جَدُّكَ وَلَا إلٰهَ غَيْرُكَ

Subhaa-na-kallaa-humma wa bi-humdi-ka wa ta-baa-ra-kas-mu-ka wa ta-‘aa-laa jaddu-ka wa laa ilaa-ha ghay-ruk.

Glory be to You O Allah and praise be to You, and exalted is Your Name and lofty is Your Majesty and there is no God but you.

 

Note 1: The Thanaa in Janaazah Salaah is commonly quoted with the additional words of “Wa-Jalla Thanaa-uka”. This addition has not been narrated from the Sunnah. It has been recommended by some Ulama but there is no rule that it must be recited. It may be recited and may be omitted.

 

Note 2: The hands are only raised for the first Takbeer. The hands are not to be raised for the subsequent Takbeers but will remain folded as is normal in Salaah.

 

 

The Imaam will recite the second Takbeer. The congregation will recite the Takbeer inaudibly and thereafter recite Durood-Ebrahim:

اَللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلٰى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلٰى اٰلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلٰى إبْرَاهِيمَ وَعَلٰى اٰلِ إبْرَاهِيمَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيْدٌ مَجِيْدٌ، اَللّٰهُمَّ بَارِكْ عَلٰى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلٰى اٰلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا بَارَكَتْ عَلٰى إبْرَاهِيمَ وَعَلٰى اٰلِ إبْرَاهِيمَ إنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ

Allaa-humma Salli ‘Alaa Muhammadiw Wa-‘Alaa Aa-li Muhammadin Ka-maa Sallayta ‘Alaa Ibraa-hee-ma wa-‘Alaa Aa-li Ibraa-hee-ma Inna-ka Ha-mee-dum Ma-jeed, Allaa-humma Baa-rik ‘Alaa Muhammadiw Wa-‘Alaa Aa-li Muhammadin Ka-maa Baa-rakta ‘Alaa Ibraa-hee-ma wa-‘Alaa Aa-li Ibraa-hee-ma Inna-ka Ha-mee-dum Ma-jeed.

 O Allah, shower mercy upon Muhammad and upon the family of Muhammad as You showered mercy upon Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim. Verily, You are the Praiseworthy, the Majestic. O Allah, bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as You blessed Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim. Verily, You are the Praiseworthy, the Majestic.

 

 

The Imaam will recite the third Takbeer. The congregation will recite the Takbeer inaudibly and thereafter recite the following Dua:

اَللّٰهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِحَيِّنَا وَمَيِّتِنَا وَشَاهِدِنَا وَغَائِبِنَا وَصَغِيْرِنَا وَكَبِيْرِنَا وَذَكَرِنَا وَأُنْثَانَا اَللّٰهُمَّ مَنْ أَحْيَيْتَهُ مِنَّا فَأَحْيِهِ عَلَى الْإِسْلَامِ وَمَنْ تَوَفَّيْتَهُ مِنَّا فَتَوَفَّهُ عَلَى الْإِيْمَانِ (أبو داود، ترمذي)

Allaa-hum magh-fir-li hay-yi-naa wa may-yi-ti-naa wa shaa-hi-di-naa wa ghaa-i-bi-naa, wa sa-ghee-ri-naa wa ka-bee-ri-naa wa za-ka-ri-naa wa un-thaa-na. Allaa-humma man ah-yay-ta-hu min-naa fa ah-yi-hee ‘alal Islaam, wa man ta-waf-fay-ta-hu min-na fa-ta waf-fa-hu ‘alal ee-maan.

O Allah! Forgive those of us that are alive and those of us that are deceased; those of us that are present and those of us who are absent; those of us who are young and those of us who are adults; our males and our females. O Allah! Whomsoever You keep alive, let him live as a follower of Islam and whomsoever You cause to die, let him die a Believer.

 

The following Dua may also be recited (Deceased male version):

 

اَللّٰهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لَهُ وَارْحَمْهُ وَعَافِهِ وَاعْفُ عَنْهُ، وَأَكْرِمْ نُزُلَهُ، وَوَسِّعْ مُدْخَلَهُ، وَاغْسِلْهُ بِالْمَاءِ وَالثَّلْجِ وَالْبَرَدِ، وَنَقِّهِ مِنَ الْخَطَايَا كَمَا نَقَّيْتَ الثَّوْبَ الْأَبْيَضَ مِنَ الدَّنَسِ، وَأَبْدِلْهُ دَارًا خَيْرًا مِنْ دَارِهِ، وَأَهْلًا خَيْرًا مِنْ أَهْلِهِ وَزَوْجًا خَيْرًا مِنْ زَوْجِهِ، وَأَدْخِلْهُ الْجَنَّةَ وَأَعِذْهُ مِنْ عَذَابِ الْقَبْرِ وَمِنْ عَذَابِ النَّارِ (صحيح مسلم)

O Allah, forgive him and have mercy on him, keep him safe and sound and forgive him, honour the place where he settles and make his entrance wide; wash him with water and snow and hail, and cleanse him of sin as a white garment is cleansed of dirt. O Allah, give him a house better than his house and a family better than his family. O Allah, admit him to Paradise and protect him from the torment of the grave and the torment of Fire.

 

(Deceased female version):

اَللّٰهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لَهَا وَارْحَمْهَا وَعَافِهَا وَاعْفُ عَنْهَا، وَأَكْرِمْ نُزُلَهَا، وَوَسِّعْ مُدْخَلَهَا، وَاغْسِلْهَا بِالْمَاءِ وَالثَّلْجِ وَالْبَرَدِ، وَنَقِّهَا مِنَ الْخَطَايَا كَمَا نَقَّيْتَ الثَّوْبَ الْأَبْيَضَ مِنَ الدَّنَسِ، وَأَبْدِلْهَا دَارًا خَيْرًا مِنْ دَارِهَا، وَأَهْلًا خَيْرًا مِنْ أَهْلِهَا وَزَوْجًا خَيْرًا مِنْ زَوْجِهَا، وَأَدْخِلْهَا الْجَنَّةَ وَأَعِذْهَا مِنْ عَذَابِ الْقَبْرِ وَمِنْ عَذَابِ النَّارِ

 

If these Duas are not known, any Dua may be recited for the deceased, for example:

 

اَللّٰهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لَهُ وَارْحَمْهُ

Allaa-hum maghfir la-hu war Hum-hu (for deceased male),

O Allah forgive him and have mercy on him.

 

اَللّٰهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لَهَا وَارْحَمْهَا

Allaa-hum maghfir la-haa war Hum-haa (for deceased female).

O Allah forgive her and have mercy on her.

 

 

If the deceased is a male child, recite the following Dua:

 

اَللّٰهُمَّ اجْعَلْهُ لَنَا فَرَطًا وَاجْعَلْهُ لَنَا أَجْرًا وَذُخْرًا وَاجْعَلْهُ لَنَا شَافِعًا وَمُشَفَّعًا

Alaa-hum maj-‘alhu la-naa fa-ra-taw waj-’alhu la-naa aj-raw wa zukh-raw waj-‘alhu la-naa shaa-fi-aw wa mu-shaf-fa-‘aa.

O Allah, make him (this child) a forerunner for us and make him a source of reward and treasure for us and make him an intercessor for us and one whose intercession is accepted.

 

If the deceased is a female child recite the following Dua:

 

اَللّٰهُمَّ اجْعَلْهَا لَنَا فَرَطًا وَاجْعَلْهَا لَنَا أَجْرًا وَذُخْرًا وَاجْعَلْهَا لَنَا شَافِعَةً وَمُشَفَّعَةً

Alaa-hum maj-‘alhaa la-naa fa-ra-taw waj-’alhaa la-naa aj-raw wa zukh-raw waj-‘alhaa la-naa shaa-fi-a’-taw wa mu-shaf-fa-‘ah.

O Allah, make her (this child) a forerunner for us and make her a source of reward and treasure for us and make her an intercessor for us and one whose intercession is accepted.

 

Note: As the Janaazah Salaah is a Dua in itself, there is no Dua prescribed after the Janaazah Salaah. Therefore, the Dua after the 3rd Takbeer should not be rushed as this is the time to make Dua for the deceased.

 

Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam has stated, “When performing Salaatul Janaazah on the deceased, then be sincere in your Dua for him.” (Abu Dawood)

 

 

The Imaam will recite the fourth Takbeer and make Salaam. The congregation will recite the Takbeer inaudibly and make Salaam. The Janaazah Salaah is now complete and the deceased should be taken for burial.

 

 

It is preferable to form at least three rows behind the Imaam.

 

The 4 Takbeers in the Janaazah Salaah are compulsory. If a person comes late for the Janaazah Salaah and misses any Takbeer, then he should first recite the missed Takbeers and then make Salaam.

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