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Fitna of Dajjal & Why Should One Memorize these Ayaat

Rabbi Zidnee Ilman
“My Lord! Increase me in knowledge.”

Who is Dajjal/Anti-Christ?
Dajjal is a false prophet and is a liar who will lead people astray. He is the messiah of misguidance who will tempt people by means of the signs that he is given, such as bringing down rain, reviving the earth to bring forth vegetation, and other “miracles.”  The root dajalameans to mix. The word dajala is used to mean deliberately confusing matters and being vague and ambiguous. The Dajjal is the one who speaks in vagaries, who tells many lies and deceives many people.  The word “Dajjal” became a title given to the lying, one-eyed, false messiah. The Dajjal is so called because he will conceal his kufr from the people by lying to them, deceiving them and confusing them.

Description of Dajjal/Anti-Christ
He will be a young man with a ruddy complexion, short, with thick curly hair, a wide forehead, and broad upper chest, blind or defective (mamsooh) in the left eye. This eye will be neither prominent nor sunken, and will look like a floating grape.  His left eye will be covered with a thick piece of flesh growing at the edge of his eye. Written between his eyes will be “Kaaf faa’ raa’ (K-F-R)”, in separate (Arabic) letters, or “kaafir”, with the letters joined. This will be read by every Muslim, literate or illiterate. He will be sterile, with no children born to him.

It was narrated from ‘Ubaadah ibn al-Saamit (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “I have told you so much about the Dajjal that I fear you will not understand. The Dajjal will be a short man, pigeon-toed, with curly hair. He will be one-eyed, with his eye neither prominent nor sunken. If you become confused about him, then remember that your Lord is not one-eyed.”
[Abu Dawood, no. 3763]

Emergence of Dajjal/Anti-Christ
The Dajjal will emerge from the direction of the East, from Khurasaan, from among the Jews of Isfahaan. He will then travel throughout the Earth and will leave no city without entering it, apart from Makkah and Madeenah, which he will not be able to enter because the angels are guarding them.

Faatimah bint Qays (may Allah be pleased with her), the Prophet ﷺ said concerning the Dajjal: “He will (emerge) from the direction of the Syrian sea or from the direction of the Yemeni sea… No, rather from the east…” – and he pointed towards the east.
[Muslim, no. 5228]

Followers of Dajjal
Most of the followers of the Dajjal will be from among the Jews, Persians and Turks, and a mixture of other people, mostly Bedouins and women.

The Fitnah of the Dajjal
The fitnah of the Dajjal will be the greatest fitnah from the time Allah created Adam until the Hour begins. This will be because of the mighty miracles that Allah will create with him, which will dazzle people’s minds and amaze them.  It was reported that he will have a paradise and a hell with him, but his paradise will be his hell and his hell will be his paradise. He will have rivers of water and mountains of bread. He will command the sky to send down rain, and it will rain, and he will command the earth to bring forth vegetation and it will do so. The treasures of the Earth will follow him, and he will travel rapidly, like clouds driven by the wind. And he will do other extraordinary feats. All of that was mentioned in the saheeh ahaadeeth.

Hudhayfah (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: ‘The Dajjal will be one-eyed, blind in his left eye, and will have thick hair. He will have a paradise and a hell with him, but his paradise will be a hell and his hell will be a paradise.’”
[Muslim, no. 5222]

Hudhayfah (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: ‘I know what the Dajjal will bring with him: he will have two rivers flowing. One will clearly look like water and the other will clearly look like blazing fire. If any one of you sees that, let him choose the river which looks like fire, then let him close his eyes and lower his head and drink from it, for it will be cool water.’”
[Muslim, no. 5223]

Al-Bukhaari narrated from Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him) that this man whom the Dajjal will kill will be one of the best people, who will go out to the Dajjal from the city of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, and will say to the Dajjal, “I bear witness that you are the Dajjal of whom the Messenger of Allah ﷺ told us.” The Dajjal will say (to the people): “What do you think – if I kill this man then bring him back to life, will you have any doubts?” They will say, “No.” So he will kill him, then bring him back to life. Then he (the believing man) will say, “By Allah, I have never been more sure about you than I am today.” The Dajjal will want to kill him but will not be permitted to.
[Sahih Al-Bukhaari, no. 6599]

The Prophet ﷺ said of the Dajjal: “Part of his fitnah will be that he will say to a Bedouin, Do you think that if I resurrect your father and mother for you that you will testify that I am your lord?’ He will say, ‘Yes.’ So two devils will appear to him in the image of his father and mother, saying, ‘O my son, follow him for he is your lord.’”
[Ibn Maajah, no. 4067]

Protection against the Fitnah of the Dajjal
The Prophet ﷺ has taught his ummah about that which will protect them against the fitnah of the false messiah (al-maseeh al-dajjal). He left his ummah on a path that is clear, and no one deviates from it except the one who is doomed. He did not leave any good thing without pointing it out to his ummah, or any evil thing without warning them against it. Among the things which he warned us against  was the fitnah of the Dajjal, because it is the greatest fitnah which the ummah will face until the Hour comes. Every Prophet warned his ummah against the one-eyed Dajjal, but Muhammad ﷺ was the only Prophet who warned his ummah more about him. Allah told him many of the attributes of the Dajjal so that he could warn his ummah. The Dajjal will undoubtedly emerge among this ummah, because it is the last ummah, and Muhammad ﷺ is the Seal of the Prophets.

Holding on to Islam, having the right faith and learning the Names and Most Beautiful Attributes of Allah which are not shared by anyone else. One should know that the Dajjal will be a human being who will eat and drink, and that Allah is far above that; the Dajjal will be one-eyed but Allah is not one-eyed; no one can see his Lord until he dies, but the Dajjal will be seen by all people, believers and kaafirs alike, when he emerges. Seeking refuge with Allah from the fitnah of the Dajjal, especially in salaah (prayer).

Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: ‘When any one of you says Tashahhud, let him seek refuge with Allah from four things, and say: “Allahumma inni a’oodhi bika min ‘adhaab jahannam wa min ‘adhaab al-qabri wa min fitnat il-mahyaa wa’l-mamaat wa min sharri fitnat al-maseeh al-dajjal (O Allah, I seek refuge with You from the torment of Hell, from the torment of the grave, from the trials of life and death, and from the evil of the fitnah of the Dajjal).”’”
[Narrated by Muslim, no. 924]

Why should we Memorizing these Ayaat:
One of the reasons for memorizing these ayaat is to seek protection from the fitna of Dajjal. His fitna will be the greatest and we need to be prepared to deal with it.

The Prophet ﷺ commanded us to recite the opening verses of Surat Al Kahf against the Dajjal. According to some reports, the final verses of this surah was mentioned. This means reciting the first ten verses or the last ten.

Al-Nawwaas ibn Sam’aan, in which it says: “Whoever among you sees him (the Dajjal), let him recite against him the opening verses of Surat al-Kahf.”
[Muslim 5228]

The Prophet ﷺ said: “Whoever memorizes ten aayaat from the beginning of Surat al-Kahf will be protected from the Dajjal” – i.e., from his fitnah. Muslim said: “Shu’bah said, ‘from the end of al-Kahf.’ Hammaam said, ‘from the beginning of al-Kahf.’” Al-Nawawi said: “The reason for this is because at the beginning of (this surah), mention is made of wonders and signs, and whoever ponders them will not be deceived by the fitnah of the Dajjal. And at the end of this surah, Allah says (interpretation of the meaning): ‘Do then those who disbelieve think that they can take My slaves as awliyaa’ (lords etc.) besides Me?’ [al-Kahf 18:102].”
(Sharh Saheeh Muslim, 6/93)

This is one of the special features of Surat al-Kahf. There are ahaadeeth which encourage reading it, especially on Fridays.

Undoubtedly Surat al-Kahf is of great significance, containing great ayaat, such as the story of the People of the Cave, the story of Moosa and al-Khidr, the story of Dhu’l-Qarnayn and his building the dam to hold back Ya’jooj and Ma’jooj, proof of the resurrection and the blowing of the Trumpet, and explanation of those whose deeds are most lost, who are those who think that they are guided when in fact they are misguided and blind.

Every Muslim should strive to read this surah, and to memorize it and read it repeatedly, especially on the best day on which the sun rises, namely Friday.

Fleeing from the Dajjal and keeping far away from him. The best way is to live in Makkah or Madeenah, and the places which the Dajjaal will not enter. When the Dajjal emerges, Muslims should keep far away from him, because of the confusion he will cause and the mighty wonders that he will have with him, which Allah will cause to happen at his hands in order to test mankind. A man will come to him, thinking that he is a strong believer, then he will follow the Dajjal. We ask Allah to grant us and all the Muslims refuge from his fitnah.

The Prophet ﷺ said: “Whoever hears of the Dajjal, let him keep far away from him, for a man will come to him and think that he is telling the truth because of the wonders that are sent with him.”
[Abu Dawood]

The Death of the Dajjal
The Dajjal will die at the hands of the Messiah ‘Eesa ibn Maryam ﷺ, as is indicated by the saheeh ahaadeeth. The Dajjal will appear on earth and will gain many followers, spreading his fitnah far and wide. No one will escape his fitnah except a few of the believers. At that point, ‘Eesa ibn Maryam ﷺ will descend to the eastern minaret in Damascus, and the believing slaves of Allah will gather around him. He will lead them towards the Dajjal, who at the time of the descent of ‘Eesa ﷺ will be heading for Bayt al-Maqdis (Jerusalem). ‘Eesa will catch up with him at the gate of Ludd (Lod), a place in Palestine near Bayt al-Maqdis. When the Dajjal sees him, he will start to melt like salt melting in water, but ‘Eesa ﷺ will say to him, “I have some business with you, you will not get away from me.” Then he will catch up with him and will kill him with his spear. His followers will flee, pursued by the Muslims, who will kill them, and trees and rocks will say, ‘O Muslim, O slave of Allah, there is Jew behind me – come and kill him!” – apart from the gharqad (box thorn), for it is one of the trees of the Jews.

‘Abd-Allah ibn ‘Amr (may Allah be pleased with them both) said: “The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: ‘The Dajjal will emerge among my ummah and will stay for forty… Then Allah will send ‘Eesa ibn Maryam, who looks like ‘Urwah ibn Mas’ood, and he will pursue him and kill him.”
[Muslim no. 5233]

May Allah protect us from the fitna of Dajjal. May Allah aid us in memorizing these ayaat and act upon them.

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