The Righteous Sahaaba ( Companions of the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم ) May ALLAH be pleased with Them
Our Heroes, Our Role Models
By Maulana Khalid Dhorat
1.Sayyadina Haritha bin Suraqa al-Khazraji (Rady Allahu ‘Anhu)
2. Sayyadina Dhush-Shimaalayn ibn ‘Abdi ‘Amr al-Muhajiri (Rady Allahu ‘Anhu)
3. Sayyadina Rafi’ bin al-Mu’alla al-Khazraji (Rady Allahu ‘Anhu)
4. Sayyadina Sa’d bin Khaythama al-Awsi (Rady Allahu ‘Anhu)
5. Sayyadina Safwan bin Wahb al-Muhajiri (Rady Allahu ‘Anhu)
6. Sayyadina ‘Aaqil bin al-Bukayr al-Muhajiri (Rady Allahu ‘Anhu)
7. Sayyadina ‘Ubayda bin al-Harith al-Muhajiri (Rady Allahu ‘Anhu)
8. Sayyadina ‘Umayr bin al-Humam al-Khazraji (Rady Allahu ‘Anhu)
9. Sayyadina ‘Umayr bin Abi Waqqas al-Muhajiri (Rady Allahu ‘Anhu)
10. Sayyadina ‘Awf bin al-Harith al-Khazraji (Rady Allahu ‘Anhu)
11. Sayyadina Mubashshir bin ‘Abdi’l Mundhir al-Awsi (Rady Allahu ‘Anhu)
12. Sayyadina Mu’awwidh bin al-Harith al-Khazraji (Rady Allahu ‘Anhu)
13. Sayyadina Mihja’ bin Salih al-Muhajiri (Rady Allahu ‘Anhu)
14. Sayyadina Yazid bin al-Harith bin Fushum al-Khazraji (Rady Allahu ‘Anhu).
Do these names ring a bell? Yes, they are the names of some of the most llustrious Sahabah, the cream of the crop, whose names are quite unknown to us, but to whom the entire ummah is really indebted. What they sacrificed for Islam really changed the course of Islamic history, but who are they? Well, to answer this question, let’s go back 1435 years. Let’s go back to the 17th of Ramadan 2 AH (624 CE) to a location about 120 kilometers south west of Madina Munawwarah.
In what came to be known as the Battle of Badr in Islamic history, named after the small town situated there, a supreme battle between truth and falsehood took place. It was a battle between the oppressed and the tyrants, solely to raise the banner of Islam. It was really a very uneven battle in terms of military strength and soldiers, and it took place in the blessed month of Ramadaan. Muslims have since achieved their greatest victories in the month of Ramadan: the conquest of Spain (Andalus) led by Tariqn ibn Ziyad, the conquest of Sind led by Muhammad ibn Qasim, and the defeat of the dreaded Tartar at the battles of Ain Jalut and Hitteen all took place in Ramadan.
The Battle of Badr is the most important battle in the whole of human history as it firmly established Islam as the only true religion for the whole of humanity till the end of time. It has been referred to in the Qur’an as the “Day of Furqaan”. Furqaan in Arabic means to separate and to distinguish because on that day, Allah clearly distinguished truth from falsehood on that day. In Makkah, the noble Prophet (Sallallahu ‘Alaihi wa Sallam) devoted himself almost exclusively to expounding the basic principles of Islam to the idolaters, and to the moral and spiritual training of his Companions. They were much persecuted for this. After their forced Emigration (hijrah), Madina became their base, an insignificant piece of land compared to Makkah, but this did not stop the whole of Arabia, under the leadership of the Quraysh, to rally against them.
For 13 years in Makkah, none of the Sahabah took out even a stick to defend themselves against the idolaters, pagans and polytheists who were relentlessly torturing them. That hapless band of early Muslims could either emigrate to Abyssinia or wait it out, until eventually permission was given to flee to Madinah. Barely two years thereafter, the two parties met at Badr. According to scholars of Sirah, 313 Sahabah took part in this epic battle, of whom 82 were the Muhajirin and 231 were the Ansar (61 Awsi and 170 Khazraji). The Makkans were a 1000 strong.
The initial purpose for this expedition was to capture the caravan of Abu Sufyan as it was carrying all of the usurped property and belongings of the Emigrants (Muhajirun) when they had fled Makkah for Madeenah. The Makkans had taken the caravan to Damascus in Syria where they bartered it with other merchandise, to be sold by the chiefs of Quraysh for a great profit of money. Their intention was to then to use this money to wage war on the Muslims. Abu Sufyan diverted the caravan from its normal route and managed to reach Makkah safely, but the Makkans had already sounded the battle drums. They came out of Makkah with 1,000 men, 100 horses, and 700 camels.
The Muslims were materially unprepared for any large scale battle. What started off as a raid on a hostile caravan now turned out to be a full scale war. The Muslims had only three horses: those belonging to Sayyadina Zubair, Miqdaad ibn ‘Amr and Abu Murthad Al-Ghinawi. They thus made the eight-day journey to Badr largely on foot.
An interesting incident took place just before this battle. Our noble Rasulullah (Sallallahu ‘Alaihi wa Sallam) was straightening the lines of the ranks with an arrow just as if he was straightening the lines for prayer. Whilst doing so, he came up to one of the Mujahideen, Sayyadina Sawaad bin Khuzaiyya, who was protruding a bit from the line. So our noble Rasulullah (Sallallahu ‘Alaihi wa Sallam) slightly nudged him with his arrow. Upon this, Sayyadina Sawaad said: “O Messenger of Allah, you have hurt me, I want to retaliate.” This was just before the battle and a soldier is causing a stir for nothing! Our most merciful exposed his stomach and said “Go ahead. Retaliate.” So Sayyadina Sawaad clings to the body of Rasulullah (Sallallahu ‘Alaihi wa Sallam), tightly hugs him and kisses his stomach. This was his retaliation.
When Rasulullah (Sallallahu ‘Alaihi wa Sallam) asked him why did that, he replied: “O Messenger of Allah, you can see what is about to happen. I wanted my last contact with you to be my skin touching yours.” Subhanallah!
The greatest support Allah gave the Muslims in this battle was the army of Angels led by Jibra’il and Mika’il. Sayyadina ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattaab (Radiallahu ‘Anhu) narrates that while a Mujahid Sahabi was pursuing a disbeliever during the battle, he heard the sound of a whip above him, and a rider saying: “Come, O Hayzoom!” When he turned again to look at the disbeliever, he had suddenly fallen to the ground. When he investigated, he found that the idolaters’ nose had a wound and his face was injured, just as if he received a strike from a whip on it. The Sahhabi later came to the Prophet and told him of this, and the Prophet said: “You have said the truth. That was from the reinforcements from the third heaven.”
Abu Sufyaan who managed to escape, gathered the people in Makkah and tried to explain the reason for their defeat: “The fact is that we met our enemy and turned our backs. They made us to flee. And I cannot blame our tribesmen because they faced not only them, but also men wearing white robes riding horses, who were between the skies and earth. They spared nothing, and no one ever had a chance.”
In this battle, 70 disbelievers were slain, including the greatest chiefs of the idolators: Abu Jahl, the Pharaoh of this ummah. He was killed by two unskilled youth in their early teens. Umayyah ibn Khalaf, was killed by his previously owned slave, Sayyadina Bilal ibn Rabah. Abu Lahab managed to escape, but shortly thereafter a mysterious disease spread through his skull. It turned to septic, and its poison soon spread rapidly though his entire body, causing many dark pimples filled with pus, to appear all over his body. He stayed like that for a week before he died. When he died, his family, fearing that they might be afflicted with his disease, refused to bury him. So they left his decaying body to rot in his home for 3 nights, causing an unbearable stench. It was only when someone rebuked them, they threw water over his body, pushed his putrid corpse with sticks, and left it by a wall on a high piece of ground outside Makkah. They then threw rocks and stones over it, until it was fully covered.
This is how Allah disgraced the enemies of Islam.
The Battle of Badr holds particular significance for us today. Just as the disbelievers clamored to obliterate the Muslims once and for all then, the enemies of Islam have gathered today in the Muslim lands of Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan to obliterate Islam. From the west and from the east, not one country of military standing does not desire to extinguish the light of Islam. Although the Muslims lack military strength and numbers just like the people of Badr, they continue to brave all odds and frustrate the strategy of the disbelievers. But clear victory will come when the ranks of the Muslims will be sufficiently purified. May Allah hasten that day – Ameen.