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Passing away on a Friday

 

Question:

It is popularly believed that the one who passes away on a Friday is not punished in the grave. What is the status of this Hadith?

Answer:

This Hadith has been narrated by several Sahabah through several chains of transmission: (1) Hadrat Abdullah ibn Amr ibn Al-aas radiyallahu aanhu. (2) Hadrat Anas ibn Malik radiyallahu anhu. (3) Hadrat Jabir ibn Abdillah radiyallahu Aanhu.

(1) The narration of Hadrat Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-aas radiyallahu anhu is as follows:

Rasululluh sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said: The one who dies on the day of Friday or its night shall be protected against the tribulation of the grave.

(2) The narration of Hadrat Anas ibn Malik radiyallahu anhu is as follows:

The one who dies on a Friday shall be protected against the punishment of the grave.

(3) The narration of Hadrat Jabir ibn Abdillah radiyallahu anhu is as follows:

The one who dies on the day of Friday or its night shall be protected against the punishment of the grave. He will appear on the day of Resurrection with the stamp of martyrs on him.

(4) The following is a mauquf narration of Hadrat Abdullah ibn Amr radiyallahu anhu:

The one who dies on the day of Friday or its night shall be protected against Shaytan.

(5) The following is a mursal narration from Imam Muslim ibn Shihab az-Zuhri?:

The one who dies on the night of Friday or its day shall be freed from the tribulation of the grave – or he said – he will be protected against the tribulation of the grave and he will be recorded as a martyr.

قلت: ضعيف، فيه عنعنة ابن جريج عن راو مبهم.

To sum up the above, the fact that a person who passes away on a Friday is saved from and protected against the punishment of the grave is related in several Ahadith. When looking at them collectively, they are either hasan or sahih and can be furnished as proof. In his annotations to Musnad Ahmad (6/473/7050) Shaykh Ahmad Shakir says that this Hadith is authentic. Imam Suyuti rahimahullah in al-Jami as-Saghir (p. 495, no. 8108) says that it is hasan. Despite his extremism, Shaykh Albani, in Ahkam al-Jana’iz (p. 35) says that it is hasan or sahih based on the many supporting narrations.

However, merely dying on a Friday should not be considered to be a certificate for entry into Paradise.
Rather, there is a need for good deeds as clearly stated in countless verses of the Qur’an and Ahadith.

Fatāwā Darul Uloom Zakariyya (Vol. 1, Pg 388-391)

And Almighty Allah Taʿālā knows best

DARUL ULOOM ZAKARIYYA

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