Q. Qurbani from my limited understanding is to make a sacrifice in honour of the great act performed by Ibraheem AS. However it seems that every year the amount of people paying organisations to have their Qurbani done is on the increase. In my opinion doing so removes the spirit from this blessed act. Hence I have a few questions:
1. Is it permissible to have Qurbani done through one of these organisations if one has the means and opportunity to carry it out by himself ?
(Question published as received)
A. Although the Udh’hiyyah (Qurbani) will be valid and considered discharged if carried out by a reliable organization as an agent to perform the Udh’hiyah on one’s behalf, it is more virtuous to carry out the Qurbani personally. As you have indicated in your query, Qurbani (Udh’hiyah) is not just about fulfilling the obligation. Rather, it is also an act of Ibadah which a person should carry out personally. The action of slaughtering the animal is an Ibadah itself and in this lies the spirit of Udh’hiyah. The Fuqahaa’ (Jurists) state:
“It is best that a person slaughters the sacrificial animal himself if he is capable of slaughtering the animal as it is more virtuous to carry out an act of Ibadah personally. If a person is unable to slaughter the animal himself, he should request the assistance of another person and witness the sacrifice himself. (al-Fatawa al-Hindiyyah, Vol: 5, Pg: 300)
In the Hadith, it is also recorded that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) advised Sayyidatuna Faathimah (Radiyallahu Anha) to witness her animal being slaughtered and he thereafter said: “When a person slaughters a Qurbani animal, he is forgiven at the fall of the first drop of blood, and verily, the animal shall be brought forward on the Day of Judgment with its blood, meat, limbs, etc. and shall be increased in weight seventy times, and then placed on the scale of deeds”. (Bayhaqi, as-Sunan al-Kubra, Hadith #: 19161)
The Hadith indicates that the act of slaughtering itself is the essence of Qurbani and should preferably be carried out in person.
And Allah Knows Best
Mufti Suhail Tarmahomed
Checked and Approved:
Mufti Ebrahim Desai