Mothers of The Believers Series
Name and lineage
Hafsah bint ‘Umar ibn al Khattab ibn Nufayl ibn ‘Abd al ‘Uzza.
Her mother is Zainab bint Maz’un, the sister of ‘Uthman ibn Maz’un ibn Habib ibn Wahab ibn Hudhafah.
The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam married her in the third year after hijrah after her husband Khunays ibn Hudhafah al Badri passed away on account of the wounds he had sustained during the Battle of Uhud.
She fasted often and would perform salah diligently, hence she was known as Sawwamah Qawwamah (One who fasts and performs salah abundantly).
She was born five years before Nubuwwah and passed away in Sha’ban 45 A.H, may Allah be pleased with her.
Virtues and Status
- She performed hijrah with her husband.
Ibn Sa’d reports from Abu Huwayrith:
- She would fast often and performed abundant salah and she will be the wife of the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam in Jannat.
Al Tabarani reports the narration from Qais ibn Zaid:
The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam gave Hafsah a single divorce… The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam then came to her and when the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam entered, she covered herself. The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam then said to her, “Jibril came to me and said, ‘Take Hafsah back as she fasts often and performs salah abundantly, and she will be your wife in Jannat.”
- When the Qur’an was compiled during the Caliphate of Sayyidina Abu Bakr radiya Llahu ‘anhu it remained with him until his demise. It then remained with Sayyidina ‘Umar radiya Llahu ‘anhu during his Caliphate. After he passed away, it went to Sayyidah Hafsah radiya Llahu ‘anha. It was then borrowed from her when Sayyidina ‘Uthman radiya Llahu ‘anha re-compiled it during his Caliphate.it was then returned to her and it remained with her until she passed away.
Sayyidah Zainab bint Khuzaimah
Name and lineage
Zainab bint Khuzaimah ibn ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn ‘Abd Manaf ibn Hilal ibn ‘Amir ibn Sa’sa’ah al Hilaliyyah.
She was known as Umm al Masakin (Mother of the destitute) on account of her charity towards them.
Her husband, ‘Abdullah ibn Jahsh, was martyred in the Battle of Uhud and the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam married her thereafter. The Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam married her shortly after he married Sayyidah Hafsah radiya Llahu ‘anha but she only remained in the company of the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam for two or three months thereafter and passed away in the fourth year after hijrah.
Despite their being no specific narrations regarding her merits, the virtues mentioned for the blessed spouses of the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam in general apply to her as well. A unique virtue in her favour is the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam performing the funeral prayer upon her after her demise. This is exclusive to her only from all the Prophet’s salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam later wives as none of them passed away during his lifetime except Sayyidah Khadijah radiya Llahu ‘anha and Sayyidah Zainab bint Jahsh radiya Llahu ‘anha. The prayers of the Prophet salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam is an undeniable mercy upon the believers.