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Tafseer – Surah Falaq

WHAT DOES THE HOLY QUR’AAN STATE ABOUT WITCHCRAFT (JADOO) AND JEALOUSY?
THIS CHAPTER (SURAH) TELLS US:
SURAH AL – FALAQ: (THE DAYBREAK)
1. City of Revelation: Madinah al-Munawwarah 2. Period of Revelation: After Hijrah
3. No of Sections (Ruku’): 01 4. No of Verses (Aayah): 05
5. No of words: 23 6. No of Letters: 74
—————————————————–-TRANSLATION—————————————————-
Tasmiyah: In the Name of Allah, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful
SECTION 1:
1. “Please declare: I take refuge with the Lord of the Daybreak.”
2. “From the mischief of all creatures created by Him.”
3. “And from the evil of the darkness when it sets in.”
4. “And from the evil of those women who blow on the knots.”
5. “And from the evil of the envier when he envies (me).”
TAFSEER:
1. The reason for the revelation of the first Verse is that during the 7th Hijri, immediately after the Treaty of Hudaibiyya, the Jewish chiefs said to their fellow Jew, Lubaid bin Asim, that his daughters are incomparable in witchcraft. They wanted him to cast a magical spell on the Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam). Lubaid, managed to obtain the teeth of a worn-out comb and a few Blessed Hair of the Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam), through the assistance of a Jewish servant.He made an image from a candle and pierced eleven needles in it. In one cord, he tied eleven knots. He placed all this in the image and pressed it firmly under a stone in the water of the well of Rawaan. The effect of this image caused the Holy Prophet’s (Sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam) thinking to be incorrect in some worldly matters. This effect of witchcraft lasted for a period of six months.

Thereafter, Angel Jibra ‘eel (‘Alaihis Salaam) revealed to the Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam) these two Surahs: Al- Falaq and An-Naas. These Surahs contained eleven verses about this witchcraft. Sayyiduna ‘Ali (Radi Allahu ‘Anhu) was sent to remove the effect of this witchcraft which was operating from the bottom of the well. The Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam) recited these verses. At each verse, one knot loosened and in this way all the knots became loose thereby curing the Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam) from these evil effects.

From this, emerge a few benefits: 

a) Witchcraft and its evil effects are true.
b) Witchcraft can affect the body of a Prophet in the same way a sword, arrow and spear affects a Prophet and this is not against Prophethood. The magicians failed against Prophet Musa (‘alaihis salaam) because their magic was in opposition to the Prophetic miracle. In fact, the effect of this witchcraft was felt on the thinking of Sayyiduna Musa (‘alaihis salaam), who began to imagine that these sticks and ropes were moving. Allah Almighty says in Surah 20: Verse 66: “They looked to him as though they were running by their strength of their magic.” The similar effect was felt by the Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam) with regards to his thinking.
c) It is permissible to learn the Du’as to remove the effect of witchcraft, to wear a
Ta ‘weez (amulet) and recite incantations (wazeefa) to ward off such spells.
d) Allah azza wajal protects the intellect of the Prophet from the evil effects of witchcraft, so that it does not become an obstacle to the Propagation of Religion.
e) One should not throw one’s hair and broken combs outside. Throw them in a safe place as many spells of witchcraft can be affected through them.
f) This means that just as Allah azza wajal removes the night through the morning, likewise, He grants cure to illnesses through prayers. This tells us that one who offers Du ‘a should remember Him with His Attributes, in accordance with one’s needs.2. In Verse 2, it means to seek Allah, The Exalted’s, protection from all creations, whether it be man, animals, Jinn or inanimate creation. This is a very comprehensive Du’a.

3. In Verse 3, it means that we should seek Almighty Allah’s Protection when the moon becomes black during the lunar eclipse, or it remains out of view at the end of the month, because these times are put into much use for witchcraft. From this we understand that some of the times are auspicious and ominous. Seek the refuge of Almighty Allah from these times. Allah azza wajal says in Surah 54: Verse 19: “In the day there is ill-fortune.”

4. Verse 4 tells us about the daughters of Lubaid who were practising witchcraft and who had blown on the Blessed Hair of the Beloved Prophet (Sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam) through a cord string and made 11 knots. From this we learn that if there is an effect in the blowing of the magician, then surely how much effect will there not be in the verses of Allah, The Exalted, and His Blessed Names if they are recited and blown onto a person? Thus, to recite the verses of the Holy Qur’aan on the ill persons, to blow on them (make Dam), to make them into charms, etc and to knot them is permissible. The Holy Prophet (Sallallaah ‘alaihi wasallam) would blow on sick persons.

5. The last verse explains that an envious person is he who desires the decline in the bounties of others while MANGHBAT is that person who desires for himself those bounties that are possessed by others. Envy is totally evil, while Ghabata is permissible in matters of religion. Envy is that first sin which took place in Heaven by Shaitaan (Satan) and by Qabeel (Prophet Aadam ‘alaihis salaam’s son) on earth. Everyone is fully aware of their consequences. From this we learn that witchcraft and envy are two of the worst sins, because after mentioning the common sins, these two have been mentioned specifically.

There you have it! Brothers and sisters! For those of you who are doubtful about its existence, Jadoo / witchcraft truly exists. From the above Tafseer we learn that it is mainly jealousy which leads a human being to execute such evil and cruel acts. An important point to note is: One who engages in the act of practising witchcraft is out of the fold of Islaam, meaning he or she becomes a disbeliever immediately! Irrespective if they still perform Salaah, Fast, etc. To all those who practise such heinous acts – If you seriously believe in Allah, The Exalted, and the Day of Judgement then please fear the Wrath of Allah azza wajal in this world and the Hereafter – Worry about what will be your punishment in your grave which you cannot avoid – What will your compensation be for such evil acts on the Day of Judgement when all your deeds will be presented before you and Almighty Allah? Think about it deeply…… the next time you are about to execute the evil magical spell.

 

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