Sadaqatul fitr is a compulsory charity which becomes payable on the occasion of Eid-ul-Fitr.
The Noble Messenger of Allah ( Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam) said:
“The fast remains suspended between Heaven and Earth until the fitrah is paid.”
Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam made charity of Fitr compulsory as a purification of fasts from useless talks and vile discourses and also as food to the poor (Hadith-Abû Dawûd).
Fitr means to break fast or to refrain from fasting. Hence the Eid after the fasts of Ramadhân is called Eid-ul-Fitr, as it is the day of rejoicing after the completion of fasting.
On this occasion of happiness, as a sign of gratitude one has to give a specific amount in aims, which is called Sad’qatui-Fitr. To purify and obtain complete blessings for the fasts of Ramadhân Mubârak one has to give Sadaqatul-Fitr. Thus it is wâjib to give Sadaqatul-Fitr to purify one’s fast.
The true object in giving Sadqatul-fitr on this happy, occasion is also to assist the poor and needy, so that, they may rejoice with the more fortunate.
Sadaqatul Fitr (or fitrah) is wâjib upon all Muslims -male, female and children fitrah should preferably be paid before the Eid Salâh.
It is not permissible to delay the payment of fitrah later than the Day of Eid.
What amount Should be paid
The amount of Sadqatul Fitr is 1.633kg of wheat or 3.266kg of barley or the equivalent in cash.Please consult your local Islamic Scholars for exact amount.
It is highly recommended that this amount is paid in advance so that the contributions could be used for the benefit of the poor on Eid day.