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Ameer Muawiyah Radhiyyallahu Anhu – Status and Personality

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The Sahabah al-Kirām are from amongst those eminent people concerning whom Almighty Allah has declared his eternal satisfaction and blessings in the Holy Qur’an. Therefore, anyone who challenges the honour and status of these great souls has indeed challenged the decree of Almighty Allah.

  1. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) narrates that Rasūlullah ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) said: “Do not revile my companions. By (Allah) in Whose Hand my soul is! If any one of you spends gold (piled up) like (mount) ‘Uhud it will not equal to a pint of their charity, nor its half.” (Muslim)

 

  1. Hadhrat Abdullah Ibn Umar raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) narrates that Rasūlullah ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) said: “When you see anybody reviling and cursing my companions, you must say, ‘ May Allah’s curse be upon your mischief and malice’.” (Tirmidhi)

 

  1. Abdullah Ibn Mughaffal raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) narrates that Rasūlullah ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) said: “Fear Allah in every matter concerning my Companions. Do not make them the targets (of your criticism) after me. Whoever loves them, loves them out of love for me, and whoever hates them, hates them out of hatred for me. Whoever harms them has indeed harmed me and whoever harms me has harmed Allah; and whoever harms Allah, it is imminent that Allah will seize him.” (Tirmidhi)

 

  1. Uwaym Ibn Saa’idah raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) narrates that Rasūlullah ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) said: “Allah Ta’ala selected me as his Nabi and he selected his best servants to be my companions, they are my representatives, some are my helpers and some are related to me. Whoever reviles them, may Allah’s and His angels curse be upon him. None of his deeds will be accepted on the day of Qiyaamah.” (Mustadrak al-Hakim)

 

Abdullah Ibn Umar  stated that: “He, who wishes to follow anyone, let him follow the companions of Muhammad ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) as they were the most prestigious of this Ummah. Their heart were the purest, their knowledge the most profound and they did not portray any formality. Allah Ta’ala had chosen them for the companionship of his beloved Nabi ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) and for the propagation of his blessed Deen. Imitate their characters and follow their way of life, for I swear by the lord of the Ka’bah, the Sahābah al-Kirām of Rasūlullah ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) were truly on the path of guidance. (al-Hilyā al-Awliyāh)

Abdullah Ibn Mas’ūd raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) narrates that Allah Ta’ala looked at the hearts of mankind, and chose Muhammad ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) to be his messenger, then Allah Ta’ala looked at the hearts of mankind and chose the Sahabah al-Kirām and blessed them with his companionship. (al-Mu’jam al-kabīr lil al-Tabrāni)

Whilst the collective sacrifices and favours of the Sahābah upon the Ummah are innumerable, some individuals from this shining galaxy excelled in their services to the Deen of Allah and especially to the Ummah more than others. Amongst these champions of Islam was Hadhrat Amir Muāwiyyah Ibn Abi Sufyan raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him), whose status and prestige in the blessed court of Rasūlullah ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) was such that he was amongst those elite companions to whom the magnanimous task of preserving the divine revelation of the Qur’an Shareef in written form was entrusted. The nature of this task was such that he spent endless hours in the blessed company of the greatest reformer to ever have walked the surface of the earth, thus enabling his personality and character to be developed in the most favorable environment anyone could ever imagine.

 

GLAD TIDINGS FROM THE BLESSED LIPS OF RASŪLULLAH ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him)

 

The love and affection which the beloved Rasūl of Allah ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) had for him may be gauged from the following supplications and incidents:

 

  • Once Rasūlullah ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) supplicated: “O Allah! Make Muāwiyyah a means of guidance, make him one who is on guidance and bless people with guidance through him.” (Tirmidhi)

 

  • On another occasion Rasūlullah ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) sat on his camel and asked Hadhrat Muāwiyyah to sit behind him. After a while Rasūlullah ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) remarked: Muāwiyyah! Which part of your body is touching with mine?” He answered: “O Rasūlullah! My bosom.” Thereupon, Rasūlullah ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) supplicated: “O Allah! Bless him with great knowledge.” (al-Tārikh al-Islām of Imam al-Dhahabi)

 

  • Once our beloved Nabi i made the following Du’ā: “O Allah! Endow Muāwiyyah with special knowledge of the Qur’an and save him from any afflictions.” ( Ibn Hibbān)

 

  • His sister, Ummul Mu’mineen, Ummi Habibah raḍyAllāhu 'anha (may Allāh be pleased with her) was the beloved spouse of Rasūlullah ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him). Once Rasūlullah ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) came home and found that Hadhrat Muāwiyyah was visiting his sister. Rasūlullah ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) asked her if she loved him, she replied that he is her brother and surely she loves him. It was on this occasion that Hadhrat Muāwiyyah received the following glad tidings, when the Nabi of Allah ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) said: “Allah and his Rasūl love Muāwiyyah as well.” (al-Tabrāni)

 

  • Once Rasūlullah ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) advised Hadhrat Abu Bakr and Hadhrat Umar raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) in the following words:” Consult Muāwiyyah raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) in your affairs since he is trustworthy and reliable.” (al-Majma al-Zawāid)

 

Imam al-Bukhari  has narrated that Rasūlullah ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) is reported to have said that Jannah is compulsory upon the first army who will fight a naval battle from amongst my Ummah and Hadhrat Muāwiyyah was the emir of the first naval fleet to engage in nautical warfare during the Caliphate of Hadhrat Uthmān ranhu]. (al-Fath al-Bāri)

Rasūlullah ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) sent 165 epistles to the kings and monarchs of his time, 133 of those 165 epistles were written by Hadhrat Muāwiyyah raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him).

 

In essence, these Ahadith represents the prophecy of Rasūlullah ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) in regards to the leadership of Hadhrat Muāwiyyah raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him). Similar confidence was exhibited by Amir al-Mu’mineen, Hadhrat Umar Fārūq raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) whose stringent requirements for leadership are well-known. He appointed Hadhrat Muāwiyyah as Governor, and the latter held this position throughput his life and that of Hadhrat Uthmān raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him). Hadhrat Umar’s foresight and perception of character was remarkable and once he said: “ You praise the rulers of Persia and Rome and speak highly of their knowledge, whereas you have in your midst a man like Muāwiyyah raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him).

 

PERSONALITY

 

Hadhrat Muāwiyyah hails from the Banu Umayyāh family of the distinguished tribe of Quraish. He is the son of Hadhrat Abu Sufyan raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him), an honorable chieftain and uncle of Rasūlullah ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him). He was born five years prior to the prophethood of Nabi ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him). From an early age his parents realized that he bears extraordinary qualities of leadership, thus from his childhood his family encouraged him to seek various sciences of knowledge. He was from amongst the few Arabs who could read and write at the time. At the conquest of Makkah Mukarramah he openly announced his Islam as he had already accepted Islam before the Umratul Qadha in the seventh year of the Hijrah, but for certain reasons he could not migrate to Madinah Munawwarah. It was because of his acceptance of Islam and belief in its pristine teachings that he did not side with the disbelievers at the battles of Badr, Uḥud and Ahzāb.

Once Rasūlullah ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) sent Hadhrat Muāwiyyah along with the prince of Ghassān to fetch a package. Amīr Muāwiyyah did not have his shoes with him, he requested the prince to allow him to sit at the back of his horse or at least to borrow his shoes, but the prince replied that he is not befitting to sit next to him or even to wear his shoes. Hadhrat Muāwiyyah did not say a word to the prince’s supercilious remarks; instead he walked for a distance of six miles on the burning hot sand of Arabia to fulfill the request of his beloved Nabi ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him). Upon his return, Rasūlullah ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) inquired about what had happened, he then narrated the whole incident to Rasūlullah ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him), upon which Allah’s beloved Nabi ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) exclaimed: Muāwiyyah raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) is the most forbearing from amongst my Ummah.

And thirty eight years later when the same prince was captured by the soldiers of Hadhrat Muāwiyyah, he did not seek retribution but on the contrary he released him with gifts and presents, upon which the prince of Ghassān became enamoured by the character of the student of Rasūlullah and readily accepted Islām.

 

 

Ayyūb Sakhtiyāni once said: “Whosoever honours the sahabah can never be a Munāfiq. Whosoever reviles the sahabah, he is surely an innovator, Munāfiq or a wretched person. I am afraid that no good actions of such a person will be accepted by Allah Ta’ala, until he cleans his heart and begins loving them all.” (al-zawājir an ikhtirāf al-kabāir)

 

Qādhi Abu al-Fadl ‘Ayādh has quoted in his al-Shifā:
If we claim to revere and honour Rasūlullah ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him), we must also respect his sahabah. As Muslims, it is compulsory on us to appreciate the fact that we owe them, to follow them and to ask for forgiveness on their behalf. No doubt, they had their differences but we have no right to comment on them. We must beware of the stories forges by Shias, innovators and biased historians, whose mischievous motive is to slander the sahabah al-Kirām. We must never doubt the sincerity and honesty of the Sahabah, when we come across any event in history which likely might lower their status, we must explain it as far as we can and attribute it to sincere motives. We must always speak of their virtues and hold our tongues from uttering any possible comment that might insult their status. Rasūlullah ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) has said: “Observe silence in regards to my companions (do not dishonor them).” (Vol 2: Pg. 52)

May Almighty Allah protect the Ummah from the enemies of Rasūlullah ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) and his companions and may Allah Ta’ala bless us with sincere love for them. ĀMEEN

PREPARED BY: DARUL ULOOM ZAKARIYYA

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