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Battle of Jamal ( Detailed Booklet )


Allah says: “If two parties among the Believers fall into a quarrel, make peace between them…The Believers are but a single Brotherhood: So make peace and reconciliation between your two (contending) brothers: And fear Allah that you may receive Mercy.” (Surah Hujurat: 9- 10)

Allah Ta’ala did not say that either or both groups are disbelievers, even in a case where fighting occurs between them. The most deserving of people to be included in the meaning of this verse are the leaders of the believers, the noble Sahabah (may Allah be pleased with them). The words of Allah Ta’ala “The Believers are but a single Brotherhood” affirmed the brotherhood of faith among all the Muslims who are engaged in fighting each other. Hence it becomes clear to us that the fighters at the Battle of the Camel were believers on both sides. These historical events should not be used as a pretext for undermining the position of the Sahabah, trying to deny that they were believers, or spreading distorted and fabricated stories about them. To refute these false notions concerning them, it is sufficient to note that this verse confirms that they were brothers in faith. We will discuss what happened between them in more detail below.


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Events that preceded the Battle of the Camel

Impact of the Saba’iyyah in causing turmoil

The reality of `Abd Allah Ibn Saba’

The role of `Abd Allah ibn Saba’ in stirring up fitnah


Different views among the Sahabah concerning the way to carry out retaliation against the murderers of `Uthman

Zubayr, Talhah and `A’ishah and their supporters set out to Basrah to set things straight

  1. Was `A’ishah forced to go out?
  2. Was she in control of those who were with her?
  3. Attitude of the wives of Rasul salla Llahu `alayhi wa sallam towards those who sought vengeance for the murder of `Uthman
  4. `A’ishah passing by the oasis of al-Haw’ab
  5. Their actions in Basrah
  6. The slaying of Hukaym ibn Jablah and the thugs who were with him
  7. The letters of `A’ishah to other regions
  8. Difference of opinion between `Uthman ibn Hunayf and the army of `A’ishah, Zubayr and Talhah


Amir al-Mu’minin `Ali ibn Abi Talib sets out for Kufah

Advice of `Abd Allah ibn Salam to Amir al-Mu’minin `Ali

Advice of Hasan ibn `Ali to his father

Request of Amir al-Mu’minin `Ali from the oasis of Dhu Qar for support from the people of Kufah.

Difference of opinion should not affect the love between people

Questions on the road

  1. The questions asked by Abu Rifa`ah ibn Rafi` ibn Malik al- `Ajlan al-Ansari when `Ali wanted to leave al-Rabdah
  2. The people of Kufah, including al-A`war ibn Banan al-Manqari, asked questions of `Ali
  3. Abu Salamah al-Da’lani, one of those asked questions of Amir al-Mu’minin `Ali
  4. Malik ibn Habib asked questions of Amir al-Mu’minin `Ali ibn Abi Talib


Attempts to reconcile

  1. `Imran ibn Husayn
  2. Ka`b ibn Sur
  3. Al-Qa`qa` ibn `Amr al-Tamimi

The discussion between al-Qa`qa` and Talhah and Zubayr

The solution according to al-Qa`qa`

Good signs of a deal between the two parties


The outbreak of fighting

The role of the Saba’iyyah in the outbreak of fighting

The first round of the Battle of the Camel

The second round of the Battle of the Camel

The number of people killed

Is it true that Marwan ibn al-Hakam killed Talhah ibn `Ubayd Allah?

The call of Amir al-Mu’minin `Ali after the battle

Checking on the slain and praying for mercy for them


The allegiance of the people of Basrah

The hadith of Abu Bakrah from the Rasul of Allah salla Llahu `alayhi wa sallam: “If two Muslims face one another with swords, then slayer and the slain will be in hell.”

The date of the Battle of the Camel

Should we not leave them alone when they are Muslim women?

Abu Bakrah al-Thaqafi’s request to not be appointed as governor of Basrah


The attitude of Amir al-Mu’minin `Ali towards those who reviled `A’ishah

`Ammar ibn Yasir’s defence of the Mother of the Believers `A’ishah


`A’ishah the Mother of the Believers and Amir al-Mu’minin `Ali ibn Abi Talib

  1. The angel brought her image to Rasul salla Llahu `alayhi wa sallam on a cloth of fine silk before her marriage to him
  2. The most beloved of the wives of Rasul salla Llahu `alayhi wa sallam
  3. Rasul salla Llahu `alayhi wa sallam received revelation when he was under her blanket with her, but never with his other wives
  4. Jibra’il sent his greeting of salam to her with Rasul salla Llahu `alayhi wa sallam
  5. Rasul salla Llahu `alayhi wa sallam went to her first when the verse instructing him to give his wives the choice was revealed
  6. The revelation of verses of the Book of Allah because of her
  7. When the Rasul of Allah salla Llahu `alayhi wa sallam was ill, he wanted to be cared for in `A’ishah’s house
  8. Rasul salla Llahu `alayhi wa sallam told her that she was one of the people of paradise
  9. The superiority of `A’ishah over other women is like the superiority of tharid over other kinds of food
  10. Comparative virtues of `A’ishah, Khadijah and Fatimah

Did `A’ishah, the Mother of the Believers, regard it as permissible to fight the Muslims at the Battle of the Camel?

Can this hadith be true: “You will fight `Ali and you will be in the wrong”?

Amir al-Mu’minin `Ali wanted to send `A’ishah back home honoured and respected

Their regret for what they had done


The life and martyrdom of Zubayr ibn al-`Awwam

The first one to unsheathe his sword for the sake of Allah

His migration to Abyssinia

At the Battle of Badr

At the battle of Uhud

During the Battle of the Trench: “Each Rasul has a disciple, and my disciple is Zubayr.”

At the Battle of Yarmuk

The conquest of Egypt

The protective jealousy of Zubayr ibn al-`Awwam

Zubayr named his sons after martyred Sahabah

Zubayr concealing acts of worship

Poetry of Hassan ibn Thabit in praise of Zubayr

Generosity of Zubayr ibn al-`Awwam

The time has come to depart and the Rasul’s testimony of entering paradise

Zubayr’s eagerness that his debts should be paid off when he died


Biography and martyrdom of Talhah ibn `Ubayd Allah

His conversion to Islam, persecution and migration

At the Battle of Badr

At the Battle of Uhud

A martyr walking on the face of the earth

Among the believers are men who have been true to their covenant with Allah

Talhah’s defence of his brothers and his thinking positively of them

Spending for the sake of Allah

Unique and beautiful sayings of Talhah

Martyrdom of Talhah ibn `Ubayd Allah

Allah preserved his body after he died

Sa`d ibn Abi Waqqas prayed against those who impugned `Uthman `Ali, Talhah and Zubayr

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