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Hadith Regarding Good Rulers and Evil Rulers



What is the authenticity and Arabic text of the narration you have answered here?

Nabi Musa (‘alayhis salam) asked Allah Ta’ala: O my Rabb! Your Majesty lies in the Heavens while we are on earth. What is the sign of Your Wrath and Pleasure? Allah Ta’ala said: “When I appoint the best of you to be your ruler, then it is a sign of My being pleased with you. And when I appoint your worst (scoundrel) to be your ruler, then it is a sign of My Wrath for you.”



‘The narration is suitable to quote as reported.’ The narrators are acceptable.

Arabic text:

عن قتادة قال: قال موسى بن عمران عليه السلام: يا رب، أنت في السماء ونحن في الأرض فما علامة غضبك من رضاك؟ قال: إذا استعملت عليكم خياركم فهو علامة رضائي وإذا استعملت عليكم شراركم فهو علامة سخطي

This narration is recorded in the following sources As the statement of Qatadah (rahimahullah); a Tabi’i, and not as a narration of Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam):

  1. Az Zuhd of Imam Ahmad: 1577
  2. Al ‘Uqubat of Imam Ibn Abid Dunya: 32 and 278
  3. Al Mujalasah Wa Jawahirul ‘Ilm: 425
  4. Hilyatul Awliya, vol. 6 pg. 290
  5. Tarikh Dimashq, vol. 61 pg. 145

The narration is suitable to quote as reported. (Also see: Faydul Qadir, Hadith: 391)



What is the source, and authenticity of this narration?

Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

“When Allah intends goodness for a people, He appoints over them their most tolerant ones; their Ulama decide their disputes, and He bestows wealth to their generous ones. And, when Allah Ta’ala intends ruin for a people, he appoints their foolish to rule them; their ignoramuses to decide their disputes, and He bestows wealth to their misers.”


Imam Daylami (rahimahullah) has recorded this narration. ‘Allamah Munawi (rahimahullah) has declared the chain reliable (jayyid).

(Musnadul Firdaws, Hadith: 954, ‘ilmiyyah edition, Faydul Qadir, Hadith: 391)


Imam Abu Bakr ibn Abid Dunya (rahimahullah) has recorded slightly shorter version. ‘Allamah Mundhiri (rahimahullah) has also referenced this shorter version to Al Marasil of Imam Abu Dawud.

(Kitabul Hilm, Hadith: 75, Targhib, vol. 3 pg. 382)


And Allah Ta’ala Knows best.


Answered by: Moulana Suhail Motala


Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar


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