Qurbani FAQ’s

1. What is the difference between the terms Udhiyyah and Qurbani?

A: ‘Udhiyyah’ is an Arabic term, which means ‘sacrificing an animal’. ‘Qurbani’ is an Urdu and Persian word derived from the Arabic word ‘Qurban’, which literally means an act performed to seek Allah’s pleasure. Both terms are generally used for sacrificing an animal for the sake of Allah at the time of Eidul Adha.

2. Upon whom is Qurbani Wajib (obligatory)?

A: Qurbani is Wajib (obligatory) on every Muslim who is:

a) Of sound mind – and mature (has reached the age of puberty),
b) Non-Traveller (i.e. Muqeem – not a Shari’ traveller)
c) Possesses the Nisaab amount (612.36 grams of silver) or its equivalent value i.e. R11304.17 as of 21 May 2024, after deducting one’s basic necessities and debts, on any of the three days of Qurbani, i.e. 10th, 11th and 12th of Zul-Hijjah.
Unlike in the case of Zakaat, this amount doesn’t need to be in one’s possession for a complete lunar year.

3. What animals can be slaughtered for Qurbani?

A: It is permissible to slaughter male or female goats, sheep, cattle, domestic buffalos or camels for Qurbani.

4. What is the minimum age of a Qurbani animal?

A: (a) A one-year-old goat or sheep

(b) A two-year-old cow, bull or domestic buffalo, and

(c) A five-year-old camel.

Animals younger than the prescribed age are not permissible for Qurbani except for sheep with the following condition: Sheep older than 6 months can be sacrificed if they resemble the size of a one-year-old sheep.

5. Is Qurbani necessary for a child, and, if so, can their parents perform it on their behalf?

A: Qurbani is not necessary upon a child whether they are wealthy or not, nor is it necessary upon their parents/guardians to perform it on their behalf. However, if it is done on their behalf, the Qurbani will be valid, and they will receive the reward for it.

6. Is Qurbani necessary for a person travelling?

A: It is not necessary for a Musafir (traveller) to perform Qurbani. A Musafir is one who travels on a journey for 78 km or more and does not intend to reside at their destination for 15 or more days. In any case, if a Musafir does perform Qurbani, they will be rewarded for it.

7. What is the exact and best time to perform Qurbani?

A: The time for Qurbani begins after the Eid Salaah on the 10th of Zul Hijjah and ends at the setting of the sun on the 12th of Zul Hijjah. It is better to make Qurbani on the first day, then the second, and thereafter the third.

8: On behalf of how many people will a sheep, goat, ram, cow, bull, or camel be valid?

A: A cow, bull, or camel will suffice for the Wajib Qurbani seven persons. A sheep, goat or ram on the other hand suffices for the Wajib Qurbani of one person only.

9. Can one make intention for multiple people in one Qurbani for the deceased?

A: One may make the intention of the Thawaab (reward) going to multiple people in one Qurbani animal if it is a Nafl (optional) Qurbani. When Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam performed Qurbani, he ordered two animals. He slaughtered one animal as his Wajib (necessary) Qurbani and the other as optional (Nafl) on behalf of his entire Ummah. (Ibn Majah #3121)

10. What type of animals should one choose for Qurbani?

Animals which are healthy and free from any faults or defects should be chosen for Qurbani.

11. What type of animals are not suitable for Qurbani?

A: The following animals are not suitable for Qurbani:

1) An animal that is blind, one-eyed or has lost more than one-third of its eyesight.

2) Animals that have lost more than a third of the ear. Similarly, animals that have no ears from birth. Animals with small ears are suitable.

3) Animals whose horn/s have been broken off from the root. However, an animal born without horns or if the horns are broken off but not from the root is suitable for Qurbani.

4) Animals, which have one, lame leg to the extent that they walk on three legs only and are unable to use the fourth leg. However, if the animal can walk to the place of slaughter on the fourth leg with a limp it will be allowed.

Note 1: If an animal is injured whilst being slaughtered, e.g. its leg breaks, ear gets cut etc., the Qurbani will be valid.

Note 2: If an animal was bought in a healthy and perfect state and thereafter became unfit for Qurbani (before slaughter) then:

    1. If the owner is not wealthy (eligible to receive Zakaat) it will be permissible to offer this animal for Qurbani.
    2. If the owner is wealthy (one who pays Zakaat), then it is compulsory for him to obtain another animal.

12. How should the meat of one’s Qurbani be distributed?

A: It is preferable to divide the meat into three parts. One portion for oneself, the other for relatives and friends, and the third for the poor and needy. However, it is permissible to keep all the meat for oneself or distribute it to whomever he wishes.

13. Is it permissible to serve Qurbani meat at a Walima?

A: Qurbani meat may be given out cooked or uncooked. It may also be cooked and given out at a Walima.

14. Can the Qurbani meat or skin be sold?

    A: It is not permissible for the person performing Qurbani to sell any part of their Qurbani animal including its meat and skin.

15. Can the meat or skin of the Qurbani animal be given as payment to the one skinning the Qurbani animal or to the butcher?

A: It is not permissible to tender the meat and skin as payment to the slaughterer, skinner or butcher for rendering their services. One may give them any part of the Qurbani animal as a gift or as Sadaqah but their fees must be paid separately.

 

And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Mufti Moosa Salie

Mufti Taahir Hansa

(The answer hereby given is specifically based on the question asked and should be read together with the question asked. Islamic rulings on this Q&A newsletter are answered in accordance to the Hanafi Fiqh unless otherwise stated.) 

 

Fatwa Department
Jamiatul Ulama (KZN) 

Council of Muslim Theologians
223 Alpine Road, Overport

Durban, South Africa
Tel : +27 (0) 31 2077099

Email: fatwa@jamiat.org.za
Fax : +27(0) 31 2074163
Website : www.jamiat.org.za

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