Name, Family, Virtues, Status and Service to the Ummah.
His name is ʿUthmān ibn ʿAffān , his title is Dhū al-Nūrayn and his agnomen is Abū ʿAbd Allāh. His lineage meets with that of Rasūlullāh صلي الله عليه وسلم at the fifth generation.
Uthmān ibn ʿAffān ibn Abī al-ʿĀṣ ibn Umayyah ibn ʿAbd Shams ibn ʿAbd Manāf. ʿ
Abd Manāf is the common ancestor. Sayyidunā ʿUthmān ibn ʿAffān I also has a close family relation to Rasūlullāh صلي الله عليه وسلم through his mother, who was the granddaughter of Hāshim ibn ʿAbd Manāf (the great-grandfather of Rasūlullāh صلي الله عليه وسلم). The mother of Sayyidunā ʿUthmān ibn ʿAffān is Arwā bint Kurayz. The mother of Arwā is Umm Ḥakīm bint ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib, who is the aunt of Rasūlullāh صلي الله عليه وسلم. Umm Ḥakīm was the twin sister of the father of Rasūlullāh صلي الله عليه وسلم ʿAbd Allāh, and was famous by the name of al-Bayḍā’.
1). Thus the link between Rasūlullāh صلي الله عليه وسلم and Sayyidunā ʿAlī both, with Sayyidunā ʿUthmān ibn ʿAffān I was that he was the son of their (Rasūlullāh صلي الله عليه وسلم and ʿAlī ) maternal cousin and their paternal cousin.
2)During the initial stages of the call of nubuwwah, ʿUthmān Iaccepted Islam upon the invitation of Sayyidunā Abū Bakr ; and he did not relinquish his faith despite the persecution he had to endure at the hands of his own tribesmen.
3)Sayyidunā ʿUthmān ibn ʿAffān is counted among the forerunners of the Ṣaḥābah, sharing in their virtues. Glad tidings of Jannah have been mentioned for him by Rasūlullāh صلي الله عليه وسلم and he is amongst the ʿAsharah al-Mubasharah.
4) Rasūlullāh صلي الله عليه وسلمmarried his daughter, Sayyidah Ruqayyah , to Sayyidunā ʿUthmān ibn ʿAffān I. After her demise, Rasūlullāh صلي الله عليه وسلم married his other daughter, Sayyidah Umm Kulthūm , to him. On account of this, Sayyidunā ʿUthmān ibn ʿAffān attained the title of Dhū al-Nūrayn (the possessor of two lights).
5.When the persecution of the disbelievers intensified then the Muslims were permitted to migrate to Abyssinia. Sayyidunā ʿUthmān ibn ʿAffān I migrated with his wife, Sayyidah Ruqayyah . After this, when the migration to Madīnah Munawwarah took place, Sayyidunā ʿUthmān ibn ʿAffān returned from Abyssinia and migrated to Madīnah Munawwarah. In this way, he had the honour of migrating twice.
6)During the Battle of Badr, which took place in 2 A.H, Sayyidah Ruqayyah was ill. In accordance with the instruction of Rasūlullāh صلي الله عليه وسلم, he tended to her and thus could not participate in the battle. However, Rasūlullāh صلي الله عليه وسلم counted him among the participants of Badr, and gave him a share of the spoils of Badr, after which he said that he will receive the reward of having participated in it.
رضي الله عنهم أجمعين💙