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The belief of reincarnation in Islam

 

Nasihah (Advice): The soul of a Believer

 

Sayyiduna Abu Hurairah Radhiyallahu Anhu reports: “When the soul of a believer leaves (the body at the time of death) it is received by two angels who take it to the sky.” Hammad (one of the narrators) mentioned the sweetness of its odour, (and further said) that the dwellers of the sky say: “Here comes a pious soul from the earth. May Allah’s blessings be upon the body in which it resided.” Then it is carried (by the angels) to its Lord, the Exalted and Glorious, who would say: “Take it to its destined end.” (Sahih Muslim)

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Question and Answer:

 

  1. Is there any belief in Islam that after a person passes away, a person’s soul moves into another form, like a form of an animal, bird or insect and roams around one’s house, family and friends looking over them?

 

  1. The belief in resurrection and life after death is one of the fundamental and core beliefs of Islam.

 

The belief of reincarnation i.e. believing that one’s soul moves into another living form or body after exiting one’s body in an endless cycle contradicts this fundamental and core belief of Islam. The belief of reincarnation exists most commonly amongst the Hindus, Buddhist, Sikhs and also has roots in Greek philosophy. None of these has any basis in Islam.

 

As Muslims, we believe that once the soul exits the body, it enters an intermediary state between this world and the hereafter (Barzakh) and remains there until the time of resurrection. When resurrection takes place, the soul is placed in a new body to face Judgement in the court of Allah Ta’ala.

 

The soul does not move into another living form or body in this world after death and neither does it roam around one’s house, family or friends.

 

If a Muslim believes in reincarnation and negates the fundament belief of resurrection and life after death, such a belief takes one out of the fold of Islam. (Ar-Rooh – Ibnul Jawzi 1/114 – Fataawa Darul Uloom 12/215)

 

And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

(The answer hereby given is specifically based on the question asked and should be read together with the question asked. Islamic rulings on this Q&A newsletter are answered in accordance to the Hanafi Fiqh unless otherwise stated.) 

 

Fatwa Department
Jamiatul Ulama (KZN) 

Council of Muslim Theologians
223 Alpine Road, Overport

Durban, South Africa
Tel : +27 (0) 31 2077099

Email: fatwa@jamiat.org.za
Fax : +27(0) 31 2074163
Website : www.jamiat.org.za

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