Cii Radio | 07 Rabi ul Aakhir 1436/29 January 2015

The house of the third Caliph of Islam, Uthman ibn Affan (radiallahu anhu) was besieged for 40 days. The rebels surrounding his house wanted him to step down as Caliph but he refused. At the same time he also refused to fight them and refused those who offered to fight, he did not want any blood to be shed to safeguard him. For these 40 days Uthman (radiallahu anhu) would fast during the day and he would pray Salaah during the night. He was 79 years old.

Upon the 40th night Uthman (radiallahu anhu) saw Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) saying to him, “Oh Uthman, the fast that you have been keeping for 40 days, tomorrow you open your fast with us.”  When Uthman (radiallahu anhu) woke up, his wife Nailah (radiallahu anha) narrates that he was in an elated mood. The first thing he did was go outside to the guard. He said to him, “I ask you for the sake of Allah, do not shed anybody’s blood on my behalf.” He then began to recite the Quraan.


One of the rebels then jumped over the wall. The rebel came to Uthman (radiallahu anhu) and grabbed his beard and Uthman (radiallahu anhu) said to the rebel, “Leave my beard because indeed your father used to honour this beard.” The rebel dropped his hands remembering not only how his father but Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) and everyone else honoured Uthman (radiallahu anhu). He left.

Two other Egyptian rebels jumped over the wall. They did not know the virtues of Uthman (radiallahu anhu). They didn’t know who he was. When Uthman (radiallahu anhu) saw them coming, this was a man whose life was at stake, the first thing he did was tie his trousers because he was a man of Hayaa. He did not want his aurah to be exposed in his final moments. These rebels came and they struck Uthman (radiallahu anhu) on his head with a piece of iron and blood began to pour from Uthman’s (radiallahu anhu) head. The first place that the blood fell was on the Quraan that he had been reciting, on the verse, “Allah will suffice you against them.”

One of the rebels was about to strike Uthman (radiallahu anhu) with a sword and he placed his hands high to protect himself and the rebel cut the hand of Uthman (radiallahu anhu) and he said, “I swear by Allah that the hand that you have just cut off was the first hand to write the Quraan.” Uthman (radiallahu anhu) began to recite the verse, “The people have gathered against you but they don’t fear them, nothing happens but besides that their Imaan increases and they recite, ‘Allah is sufficient for us and Allah is the best dealer with affairs’.”

The rebels then placed the sword on Uthman’s (radiallahu anhu) stomach and his wife came running and placed her hand between the sword and they cut her finger. They pierced Uthman’s (radiallahu anhu) stomach and after Uthman (radiallahu anhu) had passed away, one of the rebels jumped on his chest and he stabbed him six times and he would later say that he stabbed him three times for the sake of Allah and three times for himself. They then dragged Uthman’s (radiallahu anhu)body to the rubbish tin and Nailah(radiallahu anha) mentioned that his face was covered in blood and she went inside the house to see if there was anything that she could cover his face with but they had burned everything. She took her scarf off from her head and placed it over his face and all of a sudden she saw a person running in and she thought this person had come to assist but he had run in to remove the cloth and slapped Uthman (radiallahu anhu) upon his face.

The rebels were saying that no man could bury Uthman (radiallahu anhu) and the wife of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) Ummu Habibah (radiallahu anha) climbed the stairs of the Masjid of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) and she said to the rebels that if they do not allow them to bury Uthman (radiallahu anhu) then she would descend into the streets of Madina and she would bury Uthman (radiallahu anhu) herself. She knew that no rebel would stand in front of the wife of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam). Kaab ibn Malik (radiallahu anhu) mentioned that, “I swear by Allah if Ummi Habibah had descended into the streets of Madina then Allah would have rained rocks from the sky.”

When the rebels heard this threat, they allowed Uthman’s (radiallahu anhu) body to be buried by Hassan (radiallahu anhu), Husein (radiallahu anhu), and two others. When they were taking the body the rebels began to throw rocks and they insisted that he be buried outside Jannatul Baqi although today his body is inside Jannatul Baqi. It is narrated that very single rebel died a terrible death.

Uthman (radiallahu anhu) had been assassinated. The difference between the assassination of Umar (radiallahu anhu) and Uthman (radiallahu anhu) was that Umar (radiallahu anhu) was assassinated by a disbeliever – an enemy of Islam – and the assassination of Uthman (radiallahu anhu) was done by people under the name of Islam and it opened the doors for disunity.