Cii Radio | 27 Jumadal Ukhra 1436/17 April 2015
Yemen is in the news again, with parts of the Middle Eastern nation now under sustained bombardment from a coalition of Muslim nations, spearheaded by Saudi Arabia.
Yemen has been in a state of political crisis since at least 2011, and for many this is a nation beset by corruption, poverty and recurring conflict.
The Ahadeeth of the Prophet Muhammad SAW, however, shed a fresh light on this beleaguered nation, speaking highly of its inhabitants and graphically describing the criticial role this region will play in the buildup to Qiyamah.
Any Muslim who has knowledge of these sayings of the beloved of Allah SAW would naturally incline to Yemen and its people. Indeed, the Messenger of Allah SAW made these remarks according to his time, but when Allah Most High places certain qualities in a people, the effect of these qualities remain even after centuries have elapsed. Moreover, Yemen was also the abode of many of the Messenger of Allah’s Companions. He SAW sent Sayyiduna Mu’az ibn Jabal (Allah be please with him) to Yemen. There are also other Companions who lived and taught in Yemen. All of this in addition to the fact that Yemen has produced, and continues to produce, some of the greatest scholars, Mujtahids, Imams and saints of this Ummah.
Below follow a selection of iluminating Ahadeeth on this subject:
True belief is Yemeni
Narrated ‘Uqba bin ‘Umar and Abu Mas’ud RA:
Allah’s Apostle SAW pointed with his hand towards Yemen and said, “True Belief (Eeman) is Yemenite yonder (i.e. the Yemenite, had True Belief and embraced Islam readily), but sternness and mercilessness are the qualities of those who are busy with their camels and pay no attention to the Religion where the two sides of the head of Satan will appear. Such qualities belong to the tribe of Rabi’a and Mudar.”
~Saheeh Al-Bukhaari, The Book of the Beginning of Creation, Hadeeth No. 3079
Imaan and Wisdom is Yemeni
Narrated Abu Huraira RA:
I heard Allah’s Apostle SAW saying, “Pride and arrogance are characteristics of the rural bedouins while calmness is found among the owners of sheep. Eeman is Yemenite, and wisdom is also Yemenite i.e. the Yemenites are well-known for their true belief and wisdom).” Abu ‘Abdullah (Al-Bukhari) said, “Yemen was called so because it is situated to the right of the Ka’ba, and Sham was called so because it is situated to the left of the Ka’ba.”
~Saheeh Al-Bukhaari, Book of the Virtues of the Prophet and His Companions, Hadeeth No. 3261
Home of Imaan
Narrated Abu Masud RA:
The Prophet SAW beckoned with his hand towards Yemen and said, “Belief (Eeman) is there.”
~Saheeh Al-Bukhaari, Book of Military Expeditions, Hadeeth No. 4069
A Soft Hearted People
Narrated Abu Huraira RA:
The Prophet SAW said, “The people of Yemen have come to you and they are more gentle and soft-hearted. Belief is Yemenite and Wisdom is Yemenite, while pride and haughtiness are the qualities of the owners of camels (i.e. bedouins). Calmness and solemnity are the characters of the owners of sheep.”
~Saheeh Al-Bukhaari, Book of Military Expeditions, Hadeeth No. 4070
Narrated Anas bin Malik RA:
“When the people of Yemen came, the Prophet SAW said: “The people of Yemen have come, and they have softer hearts than you,” and they were the first people to initiate the tradition of shaking hands.”
Silsilat al-Ahadith as-Sahihah # 527
Recepient of a Prophetic Dua
Narrated Ibn ‘Umar RA:
The Prophet SAW said, “O Allah! Bestow Your blessings on our Sham! O Allah! Bestow Your blessings on our Yemen.” The People said, “And also on our Najd.” He said, “O Allah! Bestow Your blessings on our Sham (north)! O Allah! Bestow Your blessings on our Yemen.” The people said, “O Allah’s Apostle! And also on our Najd.” I think the third time the Prophet said, “There (in Najd) is the place of earthquakes and afflictions and from there comes out the side of the head of Satan.”
~Saheeh Al-Bukhaari, Book of Tribulations and the End of the World, Hadeeth No. 6641
A Mastery in Fiqh
The Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam said, ‘…Fiqh is in Yemen.’ (Bukhari 4:1595)
A Trustworthy people
Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) said: “…..And trustworthiness (amana) is in (the tribe of) Azd, meaning in Yemen.” (Sunan Tirmidhi, no: 3936)
Flag-bearers of Truth in the End Times
“O you who have believed, whoever of you should revert from his religion – Allah will bring forth [in place of them] a people He will love and who will love Him [who are] humble toward the believers, powerful against the disbelievers; they strive in the cause of Allah and do not fear the blame of a critic. That is the favor of Allah; He bestows it upon whom He wills. And Allah is all–Encompassing and Knowing”.(Qur’aan 5:54)Regarding the reason of this verse’s revelation, Ayad al-Ash’ari said: “When this verse was revealed, the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) pointed at Abu Musa al-Ash’ari using something that was with him and said: ‘They are his people’.”Sheikh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah said in his book:
In mention of more virtues (of Yemen’s people), the scholar of Yemen Imam ash-Shawkani said:
“If you recognize that this verse is revealed about them in these ahadith, then know that it has contained the virtues of the people of Yemen:
The first of them: The exclusivity of Yemen’s people to this great quality that Allah, the Almighty, will bring them forth at the time when others apostate from among the Arab tribes that live in the Peninsula and this is to show their high status as they are the party of Allah at a time when others leave this religion.
The second virtue: Allah’s saying: “He will love [them] and they will love Him”. There is nothing beyond this high reputation and honor from Allah, the Almighty, because whomever Allah loves, they attain such happiness which no happiness can resemble. They have been honored such an honor that can’t be measured by the likes. They have succeeded in such achievements that aren’t equivalent to others and they have been given a great repute that can’t be matched.
The third virtue: Allah’s saying, “And they will love Him”. This is a magnificent status and a beautiful attribute. When the inconsiderable slave is loving to his Lord then that is the utmost objective in faith which is the reason behind winning an eternal bliss and it is the reason for being rescued from the painful punishment. From the greatness of loving Allah, the Almighty, and the signs of its authenticity is following the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) in his sayings, in his actions and by imitating him and embracing the noble guidance that he came with. The Almighty Allah says: “Say, [O Muhammad], “If you should love Allah, then follow me, [so] Allah will love you and forgive you your sins. And Allah is Forgiving and Merciful”. (The Holy Quran, Surah 3. “The Family Of ‘Imran”, verse 31). Thus whoever loves Allah and follows His Messenger (pbuh), then they attain the love from Allah, the Almighty. They have their sins wiped off and their status raised among the believing slaves of Allah.
The fourth virtue: Allah’s saying: “[Who are] humble toward the believers”. This humbleness towards the people of iman is from the most honorable characteristics and from the greatest attributes of the believers. It is this humbleness that is praised by Allah. It raises its doer in status and in it there is eradication of many of the evil attributes of which are arrogance and egotism.
The fifth virtue: Allah’s saying: “Powerful against the disbelievers”. It is the result of solidness in the religion, strictness in acting upon it and the hatred for its enemies and harshness on those who go astray.
The sixth virtue: Allah’s saying: “They strive in the cause of Allah”. Indeed jihad is the head of the Sharia obligations. With it the pillars of the religion are established, its status is raised and the circle of Islam is expanded. The sides of kufr diminishes and its pillars are destroyed.
The seventh virtue: Allah’s saying: “And do not fear the blame of a critic”. This is the matter of purity and standing alone for Allah and not paying attention to what opposes the truth and differs from the religion. And it came as an indefinite noun in the context of negation (in the Arabic language), so it includes all blames that come from any blamer regardless if they’re dignified or miserable, close or far. What proves this attribute is their action of commanding the good and forbidding the evil in a way that even mountains cannot reach their height and it isn’t intimidated by terror. When Allah the Almighty gathered for them these honorable attributes in this verse, He reminded them of the greatness of this grant and the kindness of this favor so He said: “That is the favor of Allah; He bestows it upon whom He wills. And Allah is all Encompassing and Knowing”. In it there are implications that He gathered for them of His blessings which He didn’t bestow on other slaves of His. It is as if this is an answer to whoever desires to have these great qualities or compete with them or envy them (in a good way) because of that”