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What is the ruling and procedure regarding Qunoot e Naazilah?

Nasihah (Advice): Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam recited Qunoot for a whole Month

Sayyiduna Abdullah Bin Amr Radhiyallahu Anhu reports that Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said, “When the reciters of Qur’an (Qurra’) were martyred, Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam recited Qunoot for one month and I never saw him as sad as he was on that day.” (Sahih Bukhari)

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Question and Answer:

Q. When and how is Qunoot-e-Naazilah recited and what is its ruling?

 

A. Qunoot-e-Naazilah is recited whenever the Muslim Ummah is faced with a major catastrophe or crisis.

Qunoot-e-Naazilah is recited in the second Rakaat of the Fajr Salaah after rising from Ruku’ into the standing (Qaumah) posture and before going into prostration (Sajdah) whilst keeping the hands ones sides.

In a congregation, the Imaam will recite the Qunoot-e-Naazilah aloud and the followers (Muqtadi’s) should say ‘Ameen’ softly at the end of each Dua recited during the Qunoot-e-Naazilah.

Qunoot-e-Naazilah may also be recited softly by women performing Fajr Salaah at home or by any person performing Fajr Salaah individually.

It is preferable (Mustahab) to recite Qunoot-e-Naazilah as frequently as possible until such a catastrophe or crisis facing the Muslim Ummah settles or subsides.

Sayyiduna Ansa Bin Maalik Radhiyallahu Anhu reports that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam recited Qunut for a month in the Fajr Salaah after Ruku’ and invoked curse upon Bani Usayya. (Sahih Muslim)

It is also permissible to add appropriate Dua’s to the Qunoot-e-Naazilah in Salaah in Arabic that are applicable to a particular circumstance which gives more meaning, effect and relevance to one’s Dua, for e.g. making Dua for the help and assistance of the Muslims in Palestine, Syria, Bangladesh, Kashmir, India and for the Muslims suffering all over the world. (Badaaius-Sanaai’1/273 – Fataawa Mahmoodiyyah 7/171 – Fataawa Raheemiyyah 6/23 – Jawaahirul Fiqh 6/81 -)

The Dua is as follows:

“O Allah guide me among those You have guided, pardon me among those You have pardoned, befriend me among those You have befriended, bless me in what You have granted, and save me from the evil that You have decreed. Indeed! You decree, and none can pass decree upon You. Indeed! He is not humiliated whom You have befriended, blessed are You our Lord and Exalted.

O Allah, forgive us and the believing men and women and Muslim men and women, unite their hearts with mutual love, set right their mutual affairs and help them against theirs and Your enemy. O Allah, let your curse be on those disbelievers who reject Your prophets and kill Your chosen ones. O Allah, make difficult their plans, shake their feet and give them such punishment which is not turned away from a sinning people.” (Tirmidhi, Shaami 2/6)

 

And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Mufti Ismaeel Bassa

 

Confirmation:

Mufti Ebrahim Desai

(The answer hereby given is specifically based on the question asked and should be read together with the question asked. Islamic rulings on this Q&A newsletter are answered in accordance to the Hanafi Fiqh unless otherwise stated.) 

 

Fatwa Department
Jamiatul Ulama (KZN) 

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Durban, South Africa
Tel : +27 (0) 31 2077099

Email: fatwa@jamiat.org.za
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Website : www.jamiat.org.za

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