If one does not have teeth or has very bad teeth is it permissible to get false teeth or dentures
And is it permissible to get what is called porcelain veneers(In dentistry, a veneer is a thin layer of material placed over a tooth, either to improve the aesthetics of a tooth or to protect a damage to a tooth`s surface. There are two main types of material used to fabricate a veneer: composite and dental porcelain. A composite veneer may be directly placed (built-up in the mouth), or indirectly fabricated by a dental technician in a dental laboratory, and later bounded to the tooth, typically using a resin cement such as Panavia. In contrast, a porcelain veneer may only be indirectly fabricated.
These veneers is islamically okay to get it for aethetics purposes because your natural teeth is not that good looking and not as whit looking as the porcelain veneers
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.
1) It is permissible to make use of false teeth or dentures.
2) Porcelain veneers used in dentistry are generally used for medical purposes and have medical needs; therefore, it is permissible.
We consulted Doctor Hafiz Younus Desai, our local dentist for his expert counsel. Hereunder is his response:
DEAR MUFTI ABDUL MANNAN.
FALSE TEETH AND CROWNS ARE COMMON IN TODAYS WORLD OF DENTISTRY AS THEY REPLACE MISSING TEETH LOST DUE TO VARIOUS REASONS.
TEETH SERVE TWO MAIN FUNCTIONS IN A PERSONS BODY .THAT IS FUNCTION AND AESTHETICS.
WHEN ONE LOOSES TEETH THEN FUNCTION IS COMPROMISED AND THE SMILE IS ALSO COMPROMISED.
MAJORITY OF THE WORLD POPULATION WANTS A BEAUTIFUL SMILE AND WANTS TO LOOK GOOD.THIS ALSO CREATES SELF CONFIDENCE IN A HUMAN BEING.THE REVERSE IS ALSO SEEN OFTEN WERE PATIENTS HAVE LOW SELF ESTEEM DUE TO UGLY LOOKING TEETH ESPECIALLY IF THE TEEETH ARE CROOKED. CHILDREN ARE ALSO TEASED BY THEIR PEERS IN SCHOOL IF THEY HAVE CROOKED TEETH.
VENEERS AS THE NAME SUGGEST IS JUST A SURFACE COVERING ON THE FACIAL SURFACE OF THE TEETH TO CORRECT ENAMEL DEFECTS,STAINING,CROOKEDNESS,GUMMY SMILES, IRREGULARITIES ETC.
NOWADAYS PATIENTS ARE DOING VENEERS FOR PURELY COSMETIC REASONS AND THE TREND IS BIG IN USA AND SPREADING AROUND THE WORLD.
PATIENTS TEND TO WEAR AWAY THEIR ANTERIOR TEETH DUE TO GRINDING OR JUST SIMPLE WEAR WITH AGE.WHEN THEY WANT TO FIX THEIR SMILE THEN WE DO VENEERS. THIS INCREAES THE LENGTH OF THEIT TEETH BACK TO THEIR ORIGINAL DIMENSIONS.
WHEN VENEERS ARE PREPARED MINIMAL TOOTH STRUCTURE IS SACRIFICED AS COMPARED TO DOING CROWNS WERE ALL THE SURFACES ARE SACRIFICED.
VENEERS CAN BE DONE USING NORMAL COMPOSITE FILLING MATERIAL WHICH IS THE SAME WE USE FOR FILLINGS. OR THEY CAN BE MADE WITH PORCELAIN IN THE LAB AND THEN BONDED TO THE TOOTH.
HOPE THIS HELPS MAKE DUA.”
Nevertheless, it is important to note if the dentures or false teeth are removable, then ghusl should be done by taking them off in order for the ghusl to be valid. On the other hand, if the dentures have become part of the teeth, then there is no need to take them off at the time of ghusl.
And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best
Student Darul Iftaa
Chicago, IL, USA
Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.