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Who are Qadiyanees? Part 1

Kafir

Qadiyanees (Ahmadees/Lahorees) are Kafir (Non-Muslims) according to the unanimous opinion of all Muslims.


Qadiyanees are a sect, separate and distinct from Islam who believe in a liar and imposter by the name of Mirza Ghulam Ahmed, who falsely claimed prophethood after Prophet Muhammad (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam). The founder of the sect Mirza Ghulam Ahmed was born in a village called “Qadiyan” in Indian Punjab, hence the founder and the group are known as Qadiyanees by association to the founder’s birth place.

Who or what are Ahmadees?

The same sect called Qadiyanees prefer to call themselves “Ahmadees”, in association with the name of the founder Mirza Ghulam Ahmed. The name Ahmadees is preferred to trick innocent Muslims into creating a link with the last prophet of Islam who also had the name of Ahmad (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam), besides the commonly known name of Muhammad (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam).

Who or what are Lahorees?

Lahorees (or Lahoris) are a splinter group of Qadiyanees who are eastablished as Ahmadiyya Anjuman Ishaat-i-Islam (Lahore, Pakistan). The words of Mirza Ghulam Ahmed are just as binding upon the Lahoorees who try to trick simple Muslims into claiming that they regard Mirza Ghulam Ahmed as the promised Messiah. To regard an imposter, a liar and a false proclaimer of prophethood to be the promised Messiah is nothing but deceit and non-rejection of Mirza Ghulam Ahmed’s claims of prophethood similarly puts the Lahorees outside the fold of Islam.

Who is the last prophet of Islam?

Muslims believe that the last prophet of Islam is Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) and last revelation of Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) the Holy Qur’an was revealed to him. The office (and station) of prophethood and revelation both ended with Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam).

What does the Qur’an say about Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) being the last prophet?

مَّا كَانَ مُحَمَّدٌ أَبَآ أَحَدٍ۬ مِّن رِّجَالِكُمۡ وَلَـٰكِن رَّسُولَ ٱللَّهِ وَخَاتَمَ ٱلنَّبِيِّـۧنَۗ وَكَانَ ٱللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَىۡءٍ عَلِيمً۬ا

Muhammad is not the father of any man among you, but he is the messenger of Allah and the Seal of the Prophets; and Allah is ever Aware of all things. (33:40)

What does the Hadeeth say about Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) being the last prophet?

حدثنا ‏ ‏قتيبة بن سعيد ‏ ‏حدثنا ‏ ‏إسماعيل بن جعفر ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏عبد الله بن دينار ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏أبي صالح ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏أبي هريرة ‏ ‏رضي الله عنه ‏  ‏أن رسول الله ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏قال إن ‏ ‏مثلي ومثل الأنبياء من قبلي كمثل رجل بنى بيتا فأحسنه وأجمله إلا موضع ‏ ‏لبنة ‏ ‏من زاوية فجعل الناس يطوفون به ويعجبون له ويقولون هلا وضعت هذه ‏ ‏اللبنة ‏ ‏قال فأنا ‏ ‏اللبنة ‏ ‏وأنا خاتم النبيين ‏

Narrated Abu Huraira (Radiya Allahu ‘Anhu): Allah’s Apostle (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) said, “My similitude in comparison with the other prophets before me, is that of a man who has built a house nicely and beautifully, except for a place of one brick in a corner. The people go about it and wonder at its beauty, but say: ‘Would that this brick be put in its place!’ So I am that brick, and I am the last of the Prophets.” (Bukhari)

What is the unanimous belief of Muslims with regards to Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) being the last prophet?

It is stated in Aqeedah Tahwiyyah which is the agreed upon creed of Ahlus-Sunnah Wal-Jamaah (all Muslims):

وَإِنَّ مُحَمَّداً صلى الله عليه وسلم عَبْدُهُ المُصْطَفَى، وَنَبـِيُّهُ المُجْتَبَى، وَرَسُولُهُ المُرْتَضَى،

And we are certain that Muhammad (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) is His chosen Servant and elect Prophet and His Messenger with whom He is well pleased,

خَاتِمُ الأَنْبـِيَاءِ وَإِمَامُ الأَتْقِياءِ، وَسَيِّدُ المُرْسَلِينَ، وَحَبـِيبُ رَبِّ العَالَمِينَ،

And that he is the Seal of the Prophets and the Imam of the godfearing and the most honored of all the messengers and the Beloved of the Lord of all the worlds.

وَكُلُّ دَعْوَةِ نُبُوَّةٍ بَعْدَ نُبُوَّتِهِ فَغَيٌّ وَهَوَى؛

Every claim to Prophet-hood after Him is falsehood and deceit.

What is the verdict of Muslim scholars on Mirza Ghulam Ahmed and his followers (both Qadiyanees & Lahorees)?

There is absolutely no disagreement amongst Muslims that anyone who claims prophethood after Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) is a liar and therefore is to be rejected. Therefore, there is no disagreement amongst Muslim scholars that Mirza Ghulam Ahmed and his followers (both Qadiyanees and Lahorees) are all outside the fold of Islam:

Fatwas of Muslim Scholars and Organizations Regarding the Qadiani (Ahmadiyya) Cult

Who was Mirza Ghulam Ahmed?

The liar and imposter, Mirza Ghulam Ahmed was born in Qaidyan (Indian Punjab) around 1839 or 1840. He received his education up to the Middle Class at home. He studied books on Grammar, Logic and Philosophy under the guidance of Maulavi Fazl-i-Ilahi, Maulavi Fazl-i- Ahmad and Maulavi Gul ‘Ali Shah. He studied Medicine from his father who was an experienced physician. This, however, did not continue for long as under the insistent pressure of his father, Mirza had to engage himself in the endeavour to get back his ancestral landed property which subsequently led to litigation in law courts.

Mirza later took employment with the Deputy Commissioner of Sialkot for a small salary. He remained at this post for four years from 1864 to 1868 and during this period he also read one or two, books of English.  He also took the examination of Mukhtar but failed and subsequently resigned in 1868 he resigned this job and came back to his village (Qaidyan) and began to look after his ancestral property.

From his very-childhood, the Mirza was very simple. He was unaware of worldly matters and appeared to be a little absent-minded. He did not even know how to wind a watch.” When he had to know time, he took out the watch from his pocket and began to count, starting from one. And even then, while he counted with his finger he also kept on counting the figures aloud lest he should forget.” He could not just look at the watch and find out what time it was. Due to absent-minded- ness, it was difficult for him to differentiate between the shoes of the left and the right feet. Mirza Bashir Ahmad writes:

“Once someone brought for him gurgabi (a kind of shoes used in Punjab). He put them on, but could not distinguish between the right and the left. Often he used to wear them on the wrong feet, and then feel uncomfortable. Sometimes when he would be hurt by the use of the wrong shoe, he would get irritated and say that nothing of those people was good. Mother said that she had inscribed signs indicating right and left on the shoes for the sake of his convenience and yet’ he used to put the shoes on the wrong feet. Hence she later removed the signs.” Furthermore due to micturition (frequent urination) Mirza used to keep “earthen-marbles” in his pockets.

In his youth, the Mirza was so afflicted with hysteria that sometimes he used to fall down unconscious as a result of hysteric fits. The Mirza used to interpret these fits variously as hysteric and melancholia. He also suffered from diabetes and copious urination. Mentioning at one place that ‘I am a permanently sick person,’ he adds: “Headache and giddiness and insomnia and palpitation of the heart come by fits and the lingering ailment in the lower part of my body is that of diabetes. Often I urinate up to a. hundred times during the day or night. And all the other disorders of debility and exhaustion which, are the natural results of such excessive urination have also fallen to my lot.”Mirza first married in 1852 or 1853 with one of his own relatives. This wife gave birth to two sons: Mirza Sultan Ahmad and Mirza Fazal Ahmad. In 1891, he divorced the lady. In 1884 he took another wife, the daughter of Nawab Nasir of Delhi. The rest of the offsprings of the Mirza were all from this wife. Three sons were born from her Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmood, Mirza Bashir Ahmad (author of Sirat al-Mahdi) and Mirza Sharif Ahmad. When in 1891 Mirza declared that he was the “Promised Messiah” and later on in 1910, that he was a “prophet of God” the Muslim ‘ulama began to refute and oppose him. Among those prominent in opposing him was Maulana Sana ullah Amritsari, the editor of Ahl-i-Hadith. On April 5, 1907, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad issued an announcement in which, while addressing the said Maulana, he wrote: “If I am such a big -liar and impostor as you portray me in each issue of your magazine, then I will die in your life-time, for I know that the life-period of a mischief- maker and liar is not very long and ultimately he dies an unsuccessful man, during the life of his greatest enemies and in a state of humiliation and grief. And if I am not a liar and impostor and have been honoured by God’s communication and address to me, and if I am the Promised Messiah, then I hope that, with the grace of God and in accordance with God’s practice you will not escape the punishment of the rejecters (of Truth). Thus, if that punishment which is not in man’s but in God’s hand, that is, fatal diseases like plague and cholera, do not afflict you during My life-time” 3 then I am not from God.” One year after the publication of this announcement, on May 25th 1908, Mirza fell ill, being afflicted with diarrhea at Lahore. Along with loose motions, he also had vomiting. He was put under treatment at once, but weakness increased and his condition became critical. The next day, on May 26, he breathed his last in the forenoon. About his death his father- in-law Mir Nisar Nawab has stated: “The night on which Hazrat Mirza Sahib fell -ill, I was asleep at my place. When he felt very uncomfortable, I was awakened. When I went to Hazrat Sahib he addressed me and said, ‘Mir Sahib I am ill with cholera’. After this, in my opinion, he did not speak a clear word till he died the next day after ten o’clock.” ( Hayat-i-.Nasir, ed. Shaykh Yaqnb Ali Irfani.)The dead. body was carried to Qadian. On May 27, 1908 the burial took place and Hakim Nuruddin became his successor, the first Khalifah of the Qadiani movement.

What is the criteria to judge Mirza Ghulam Ahmed?

Apart from the explicit statements of Qur’aan & Hadeeth, Mirza Ghulam Ahmed himself stated:

The best criterion to evaluate my truth or falsehood is my foretelling”  (Aina-e-Kamalat Islam P.28: Roohani KhazainV.23 P.231)

If one is proved to be a liar in a matter, one should not be depended upon for other matters also.” (Chashm-e-Maarfat P.2 Roohani Khazain V.23: P.231)

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