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Can Fidyah be given before Ramadaan?

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Nasihah (Advice): Honouring the elderly

 

Sayyiduna Anas Bin Maalik Radhiyallahu Anhu says that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said: “If a young man honours an older person on account of his age, Allah appoints someone to show honour to him in his old age.” (Tirmidhi)

 

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Question and Answer:

 

  1. Can the Fidyah amount for the fasts which an old person cannot keep in Ramadaan be given before Ramadaan starts? Who can it be given to?

 

(Question published as received)

 

 

  1. The Fidyah amount cannot be discharged before the commencement of Ramadhaan.The Fidyah amount may only be discharged after the commencement of Ramadhaan. (Khairul Fataawa 4/89)

 

Fidya is given for those who cannot fast and cannot keep qadha in the future because of eg terminal illness, very old age etc i.e no hope of recovery.

The recipients of Fidyah are the same as the recipients of Zakaat. Hence, all the conditions related to the discharging of Zakaat to Zakaat recipients also apply to the recipients of Fidyah, for e.g. the Fidyah amount has to be given to poor and needy Muslims and not non-Muslims. (Shaami 2/369)

 

N.B The Fidyah amount in KZN for 2019 is R20.00

 

And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

 

Mufti Ismaeel Bassa

 

Confirmation:

Mufti Ebrahim Desai

 

(The answer hereby given is specifically based on the question asked and should be read together with the question asked. Islamic rulings on this Q&A newsletter are answered in accordance to the Hanafi Fiqh unless otherwise stated.) 

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