Nasihah (Advice): Deprivation of the inheritance of Jannah
Sayyiduna Anas Bin Maalik Radhiyallahu Anhu reports that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said: “Whoever avoids giving the inheritance to his heirs, Allah (SWT) will deprive him of his inheritance in Paradise on the Day of Resurrection.” (Ibn Majah)
Question and Answer:
Q. As salaamualaikum, I am an adopted child, I grew up learning that adopted children do no inherit after the demise of the parents who adopted them. I was recently told something else which brings me to my question below.
Question: If a couple has no children of their own and adopts children, is it true that those children would inherit upon the demise of the parents who adpopted them as if they were the parent’s biological children?
And if parents have their own children and choose to adopt still then those children who were adopted do NOT inherit from the parents who adopted them?
Please clarify the fatwa on inheritance of adopted children relating to the question above.
(Question published as received)
A. An adopted child does not inherit a fix share of inheritance from his/her adoptive parents irrespective if their adoptive parents have biological children or not. However, the adoptive parents are entitled to make a bequest up to one third of their estate to their adopted child/ren after their demise or gift to him/her whatever they wish during their lifetime.
The absence or presence of biological children does not hold any bearing of entitlement to a fix share of inheritance for an adopted child.
And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best
Mufti Ismaeel Bassa
Mufti Ebrahim Desai
(The answer hereby given is specifically based on the question asked and should be read together with the question asked. Islamic rulings on this Q&A newsletter are answered in accordance to the Hanafi Fiqh unless otherwise stated.)