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How should the missed Salaah and Fasts of a deceased be discharged?

 

Nasihah (Advice): Do not neglect Salaah deliberately

 

Sayyiduna Abu Darda’ Radhiyallahu Anhu reports: My close friend, Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam advised me: “Do not associate anything with Allah, even if you are cut and burned. Do not neglect any prescribed Salaah deliberately, for whoever neglects it deliberately no longer has the protection of Allah. And do not drink wine, for it is the key to all evil.” (Ibn Majah)

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Question and Answer:

 

  1. The deceased passed away and missed a few years Qurbani and a few years of Salaah. How can it be compensated?

 

(Question published as received)

 

  1. A) If the deceased stipulated in his/her Islamic Will that any missed religious obligations (such as missed Salaah and undischarged Qurbani) should be compensated from his/her estate, then the executors/heirs have a duty to fulfil the bequest, but this must not exceed the value of one third of the estate.

 

If the amount exceeds one third of the estate, the heirs are encouraged to discharge the excess from their own shares or wealth.

 

If the deceased did not record any missed religious obligations in his/her will, the executors/heirs are not obliged to compensate for any missed Salaah/Qurbani (they are aware of), but are still encouraged to do so from their own wealth.

 

The Fidya (compensation) for missed Salaah is currently calculated in KZN, South Africa at R20.00 per Salaah (R20 x 6 Salaahs per day (5 Fardh & Witr) = R120.00) which must be given to poor and needy Muslims (Zakaat recipients).

 

For each undischarged Qurbani, the current value of a live Qurbani animal must be given to poor and needy Muslims (Zakaat recipients).

 

And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Mufti Ismaeel Bassa

Mufti Moosa Salie

 

(The answer hereby given is specifically based on the question asked and should be read together with the question asked. Islamic rulings on this Q&A newsletter are answered in accordance to the Hanafi Fiqh unless otherwise stated.) 

 

Fatwa Department
Jamiatul Ulama (KZN) 

Council of Muslim Theologians
223 Alpine Road, Overport

Durban, South Africa
Tel : +27 (0) 31 2077099

Email: fatwa@jamiat.org.za
Fax : +27(0) 31 2074163
Website : www.jamiat.org.za

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