it sometimes happens that I miss my Fajrprayer because I do not manage it to get up. I now heard that the Sahib at-Tartib has to pray his qadha prayers before his fardh prayer. I did not know that so I always prayed my qadha prayers after my fardh prayers. Does that mean that all my prayers prayed like that are invalid? (I think I prayed maybe 50 prayers like that in the last years) Or did I loose the “title” of Sahib at-Tartib after comitting this mistake 6 times, so that I do not longer have to guard the order?
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.
Shari’ah has emphasized on performing the fardh salah at its prescribed time. Consider the following hadith:
- أَيُّ العَمَلِ أَحَبُّ إِلَى اللَّهِ؟ قَالَ: «الصَّلاَةُ عَلَى وَقْتِهَا
Translation: The Prophet (Sallalhu Alayhi Wasallam) was asked, “Which deed is the dearest to Allah?” He replied, “To offer the prayers at their fixed times.”
You should endeavour to wake up on time in order to perform fajr.
A saahib-e-tarteeb is a person who has missed less than six salahs. In principle, if a person is saahib-e-tarteeb and he misses a salah, he must make qadha of that salah before he performs the next salah.
For example, if one is saahib-e-tarteeb and he misses fajr. Now, he must do qadhaa of the fajr salah before he performsdhuhr. If he did not make qadhaa for fajr before performing dhuhr, provided it was not done for one of the two exceptional situations that are mentioned below, the validity of dhuhr will be suspended (mouqoof). If he performs fajr after this, hisdhuhr will be nullified and he will have to repeat it after making up fajr. If he performs both dhuhr and asr without having made up fajr, they too will be suspended. Again, if he performs fajr thereafter they will be nullified and he will have to repeat them. This rule is the same for up to a maximum of four salahs after the missed fajr. That is, if he was to perform dhuhr, asr, maghrib and isha, and then he made up the missed fajr, he will have to repeat all the previous salahs in sequence. However, if it reaches five salahs – that is, dhuhr, asr, maghrib, isha and fajr of the next day – and then he performs the missed fajr, he will not have to repeat those salahs, as they will be regarded as valid.
In other words, after five salahs of the missed fajr, the salahs that were suspended will be valid if the missed fajr is made up after them; if the missed fajr is prayed any time before this, the suspended salahs will be nullified and he will have to repeat them in sequence.
There are two exceptions to this rule:
1. If he is constrained by time to the extent that the present salah will be missed if he was to make up the qadha salah, then he will perform the present salah first and then the qadha salah
2. Similarly, if he forgets to perform the qadha salah and as a consequence performs the present salah, he will not have to repeat the present salah after making up the qadha salah.
And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best
Student Darul Iftaa
Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.