Nasihah (Advice): The fast of the day of Arafah (9th Zul Hijjah)
Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said regarding the fast on the day of Arafah (9th Zul Hijjah): “It expiates the sins of the previous year and that of the following year.” (Sahih Muslim)
Q. What is the Takbeers that we have to recite around Eid time and on what day should we start and stop? How many times should it be recited? Do females also have to recite these Takbeers?
A. These Takbeers that you ask about are called the Takbeeraat of Tashreeq. It is Wajib (incumbent) for every adult Muslim male and female to recite the Takbeeraat of Tashreeq after every Fardh Salaat-performed with Jamaat or individually from the Fajr of the 9th of Zul-Hijjah to the Asr of the 13th of Zul Hijjah. (Multaqal Abhur, Majma’ul Anhur & ad-Durrul Muntaqa, Vol: 1, Pg: 259-260, D.K.I)
ويجب تكبير التشريق من فجر عرفة إلى عصر يوم العيد على المقيم بالمصر عقيب فرض أدى بجماعة مستحبة وعندهما إلى عصر آخر أيام التشريق على من يصلي الفرض وعليه العمل (ملتقى الأبحر، ج:، ص: 25، دار الكتب العلمية)
The Takbeeraat should be recited once only.
وصفته أن يقول مرة الله أكبر الله أكبر لا إله إلا الله والله أكبر الله أكبر ولله الحمد
(ملتقى الأبحر، ج:، ص6، دار الكتب العلمية)
The words of the Takbeeraat of Tashreeq are as follows:
اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ لَا إلَهَ إلَّا اللَّهُ وَاَللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ وَلِلَّهِ الْحَمْدُ
Transliteration: Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar laa ilaha illallahu wallahu akbar. Allahu Akbar walillaahil hamd.
Translation: “Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest. There is no deity besides Allah and Allah is the Greatest. Allah is the Greatest and all praises belong to Him Alone.”
Men should recite this Takbeer audibly whilst females should do so silently.
(يجب على المرأة) بلا رفع الصوت لأن صوتها عورة (مجمع الأنهر، ج: ، ص: 26، دار الكتب العلمية)
It is Wajib (compulsory) to recite aloud the Takbiraat of Tashreeq (once only) after every Fardh Salaah, from the
Fajr of the 9th Zul-Hijjah (Tuesday, 20 July 2021) to the Asar of the 13th of Zul-Hijjah (Saturday, 24 July 2021), performed with Jamaat or individually.
Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar. Laa illaaha illallaahu Wallaahu
Akbar. Allahu Akbar Walillaahil Hamd.
Translation: Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest. There
is no deity besides Allah & Allah is the Greatest. Allah is the
Greatest & all praise belongs to Him.
NB. Females should recite the Takbeer silently.
FEW MASAA’IL PERTAINING TO THE TAKBIRAAT
- Takbir-e-Tashriq is Wajib (incumbent) upon mature males and females.
- It is Wajib to say it once after every Fardh Salah.
- The Takbir will be pronounced after every Salah from the Fajr of the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah to the Asr of the 13th of Dhul-Hijjah. 23 Salah in total.
- Women who are menstruating are not obliged to recite the Takbiraat.
- One should recite the Takbir straight after saying salaam in Salah. If one forgets then remembers whilst seated on the Musallah and has not yet spoken to anyone, then he should recite the Takbir-e-Tashriq. However, if he has spoken or engaged in any worldly activity or moved away after the Fardh Salah, then the Wujoob of reciting the Takbir drops.
- The Takbir will also be said after the Jumuah Salah and after the Eid Salah as well.
- The Takbir will not be said after the Witr Salah.
- The Takbir will not be recited after Nawafil (optional) prayers.
- Villagers, travelers and those who perform Salah individually are also obliged to say the Takbiraat.
- If a person missed a Salah in the days of Tashriq and performed the Salah in the same days of the same year, he will say the Takbiraat.
- If a person does Qadha of the Salah after the days of Tashriq, he will not recite the Takbiraat.
- In the days of Tashriq if a person performs Qadha of a Salah which was missed before these days, he will not recite the Takbir after the Salah.
- A woman will say the Takbir softly and men will say it audibly.
- A person who joins the Jamaat late in the Masjid will say the Takbir after he has performed his Salah. He will also say it aloud.
Jamiatul Ulama KZN Fatwa Department