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How many Kaffarahs for multiple broken fasts?

QUESTION

AoA, I have tried finding this question on the website but couldn’t. I have 2 separate natured questions. 1) if there were multiple Ramadhans where one has intentionally broken their fast, how many kaffarah are due? (If 3 years in a row one intentionally broke their fast one day each, is that 1 kaffarah for all 3 years or 1 kaffarah for each ramdhan? Or one kaffarah for each time a fast was intentionally broke?) 2) If one was in a haram relationship, and they cheated on their partner (in the haram relationship, by commiting zina with another person) Does that person need to ask for forgiveness for breaking their trust? If the partner found out and they were hurt, does one have to ask forgiveness for hurting them in such a manner? Or no because what they are hurt by is haram anyways and the relationship was haram as well.

(Question posted as received)

ANSWER

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

1.      If a person intentionally breaks his fast during the month of Ramadan, Qadha (makeup) and Kaffarah (expiation) will be compulsory on him. The Kaffarah for a broken fast is to fast sixty consecutive days. If the sixty-day fast is interrupted without a legitimate Shar’i reason, then one has to recommence the sixty days.

In the enquired scenario, if more than one fast of different Ramadans were broken by eating or drinking or having relations with the spouse, then one Kaffarah will be sufficient if the Kaffarah of any deliberately broken fast was not fulfilled previously. Qadha of all the missed days will also have to be made in addition to the Kaffarah.

If the Kaffarah of any deliberately broken fast was fulfilled and one deliberately broke a fast again, then the previous Kaffarah will not suffice. In such an instance, a new Kaffarah and Qadha will have to be fulfilled. [1]

2.      Cheating on one’s spouse and committing Zina with another person is a major sin and Haram. It is breaking the trust and loyalty to one’s spouse as well as violating the right of the spouse.

If a person cheated on his/her spouse and the spouse is not aware of his/her acts, then they should not inform their spouse and keep hidden what Allah Ta’ala has hidden. Sincere Tawbah (repentance) should be made.

However, if one’s spouse is aware that he/she committed such acts, then forgiveness should be sought from the spouse. Such a violation of trust will take time to regain, hence one must show the utmost regret at ones past actions and sincerely apologise to the aggrieved spouse.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Mudassir Benish

Student – Darul Iftaa
U.S.A 

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.
 


المبسوط للسرخسي (3/ 75) [1]

 فإن جامع في رمضانين فقد ذكر في الكسائيات عن محمد – رحمه الله تعالى – أن عليه كفارتين لاعتبار تجدد حرمة الشهر والصوم وأكثر مشايخنا يقولون: لا اعتماد على تلك الرواية، والصحيح أن عليه كفارة واحدة لاعتبار معنى التداخل

الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (2/ 413)

ولو تكرر فطره ولم يكفر للأول يكفيه واحدة ولو في رمضانين عند محمد وعليه الاعتماد بزازية ومجتبى وغيرهما واختار بعضهم للفتوى أن الفطر بغير الجماع تداخل وإلا لا

مراقي الفلاح شرح نور الإيضاح (ص: 251)

“وكفت كفارة واحدة عن جماع وأكل” عمدا “متعددة في أيام” كثيرة و “لم يتخلله” أي الجماع أو لأطل عمدا “تكفير” لأن الكفارة للزجر وبواحدة يحصل “ولو” كانت الأيام “من رمضانين على الصحيح” للتداخل قدر الإمكان “فإن تخلل” التكفير بين الوطأين أو الأكلتين “لا تكفي كفارة واحدة في ظاهر الراوية” لعدم حصول الزجر بعوده

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