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Is it permissible for a female to give Azaan & Iqaamah in the ears of a newborn baby?

 

Nasihah (Advice): Calling out the Azaan when a child is born

 

Ubaidullah bin Abi Rafi’ narrates that his father said:“I saw Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam say the Azaan in the ear of Al-Hasan bin ‘Ali – when he was born to Faatimah – the Azaan of Salaah.” (Sunan Tirmidhi)

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  1. I will be having a caesarean at hospital and my husband will only be allowed for 1 hour in the hospital. When my baby is born and my husband is not allowed in the hospital, can I, as the mother, give the Azaan in my baby’s ears? How do I do it?

 

(Question published as received)

 

  1. In normal circumstances, it is Sunnah for a maleto call out the Azaan and Iqaamah in the ear of the baby.

 

However, in the enquired case, if a male is not present or available to call out the Azaan and Iqaamah in the ear of the baby, then it will be permissible for a female to do so provided that she is not in the state of major impurity (menstruation/post-natal bleeding).

 

If she is in a state of major impurity (which is normally the case), then it will be permissible for another female to do so.

 

The Azaan should be called out in the right ear of the child and the Iqaamah should be called out in the left ear. This should be done after the child has been cleaned and given a bath.

 

At the time of calling out the Azaan and Iqaamah, the child may be held in one’s hands. It is Mustahab (preferable) to face the Qiblah in doing so. However, it is not necessary. It is also not necessary to keep the fingers in the ears, turn to the right and left or call out the Azaan audibly.

 

The Azaan should be called out at a slow pace and the Iqaamah should be called out at a moderate pace to differentiate between the Azaan and Iqaamah. It may be given standing or sitting. If there is a delay for some reason, the Azaan and Iqaamah should not be left out and it should be done at a later stage. (Fataawa Mahmoodiyya 5/455 – Fataawa Darul Uloom Zakariyyah 6/503)

And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

 

Mufti Ismaeel Bassa

 

Confirmation:

Mufti Ebrahim Desai

 

(The answer hereby given is specifically based on the question asked and should be read together with the question asked. Islamic rulings on this Q&A newsletter are answered in accordance to the Hanafi Fiqh unless otherwise stated.) 

 

Fatwa Department
Jamiatul Ulama (KZN) 

Council of Muslim Theologians
223 Alpine Road, Overport

Durban, South Africa
Tel : +27 (0) 31 2077099

Email: fatwa@jamiat.org.za
Fax : +27(0) 31 2074163
Website : www.jamiat.org.za

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