Q: Allah SWT says in Al Quraan: O you who believe (Muslims)! When the call is proclaimed for the Salah (prayer) on the day of Friday (Jumu’ah prayer), come to the remembrance of Allah [Jumu’ah religious talk (Khutbah) and Salah (prayer)] and leave off business (and every other thing), that is better for you if you did but know! Is it permissible to leave one’s store open for business during the Jumu’ah prayer and leave non-Muslim staff to run the business during the hour of Jumu’ah? Can Muslim women do business during Jumu’ah Salah?
Answer by Mufti AK Hoosen: We are bound by Quraan and Sunnah and the great jurists of Islam. The Quraan Kareem states that after the first adhaan for Jumu’ah goes, i.e. the adhaan after zawwaal, all businesses must be closed and we must hasten towards the remembrance of Allah. You cannot continue with your transactions, it is Haraam according to all the madhabs. Having women stand during the time of Jumu’ah salaah doesn’t make it permissible as having women managing a business is not permissible in the first place. The income earned during this time becomes tainted.
It is not befitting for a Muslim business to operate his business when the Jumu’ah is in progress even if non-Muslims or those upon whom Jumu’ah is not obligatory are running it. The sanctity and respect for Jumu’ah demands that a Muslim close his business, irrespective of who is running it.
In the unfortunate circumstances where the business or factory has to remain open during the time of Jummuah (and cannot be closed) e.g. petrol station, whilst under the supervision of non-Muslims then the income accrued will not be deemed to be Haraam or Makrooh. However, the workforce in these cases should comprise purely of non-Muslims.
Muslim women should not be doing business at any time, let alone the time of Jumu’ah. According to the hadith it is among the signs of Qiyaamah that women will aid their husbands in business and trade. Muslim businessmen should rather close their businesses at the time of Jumu’ah instead of leaving their womenfolk to run the business. In view of today’s escalating crime wave, it is also in the interests of our physical and emotional well-being not to leave our womenfolk alone in businesses.