- What is the difference between the term Udhiyyah and Qurbani?
- A) ‘Udhiyya’ is an Arabic term, which means ‘sacrificing an animal’, and ‘Qurbani’ is an Urdu and Persian word derived from the Arabic word ‘Qurban’, which literally means an act performed to seek Allah’s pleasure. It is generally used for sacrificing an animal for the sake of Allah.
- On whom is Qurbani Wajib (obligatory)?
- A) Qurbani is Wajib (obligatory) on every Muslim who is:
- a) Of sound mind – mature (has reached the age of puberty),
- b) Non-Traveller (i.e. Muqeem – not a Shari’ traveller)
- c) Possesses the Nisaab amount (612.36 grams of silver) or its equivalent value i.e. R4194.66 as of 01/08/2018, after deducting one’s basic necessities and debts, on any of the three days of Qurbani, i.e. 10th, 11th and 12th of Zul-Hijjah. Unlike in the case of Zakaat, it is not necessary that this amount be in one’s possession for a complete lunar year.
- What animals can be slaughtered for Qurbani?
- A) It is permissible to slaughter a male or female goat, sheep, ram, cow, bull, buffalo or camel for Qurbani.
- What is the minimum age of a Qurbani animal?
- A) (a) A one year old goat or sheep
(b) A two year old cow, bull or buffalo, and
(c) A five year old camel.
- Can a six Month old sheep be slaughtered for Qurbani?
- A) A sheep that is older than six months old and physically appears to be one year old will suffice for Qurbani.
- Is Qurbani necessary for a child? Can their parents do it on their behalf?
- Qurbani is not necessary upon a child whether they own wealth or not, nor is it necessary upon their parents/guardians to perform it on their behalf. However, if it is done on their behalf, the Qurbani will be valid and they will receive the reward for it.
- Is Qurbani necessary for a person travelling?
- It is not necessary on a Shari’ traveller to perform Qurbani. A Shar’i traveller is one who travels on a journey for 78 kms or more. In any case, if a Shari’ travellers does perform Qurani despite it being not necessary, he/she will be rewarded for it.
However, if a Shari’ traveller intends residing at the destination for 15 days or more then he/she will cease to be a traveller and the performance of Qurbani will be necessary.
- What is the exact and best time to perform Qurbani?
- The time for Qurbani begins after the Eid Salaah on the 10th of Zul Hijjah and ends at the setting of the sun on the 12th of Zul Hijjah. It is better to make Qurbani on the first day, then the second, and thereafter the third.
- On behalf of how many people will a sheep, goat, ram, cow, bull, buffalo or camel be valid?
- A cow, bull, buffalo or camel will suffice for seven persons. A sheep, goat or ram on the other hand suffices for one person only.
- Can one make intention for multiple people in one Qurbani for the deceased?
- One may make the intention of the Thawaab (reward) going to multiple people in one Qurbani animal if it is a Nafl (optional) Qurbani. When Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam performed Qurbani, he ordered two animals. He slaughtered one animal as his Wajib (necessary) Qurbani and the other as optional (Nafl) on behalf of his entire Ummah.
Animals that are younger than the prescribed age are not suitable for Qurbani with the exception of sheep under specific circumstances.
- What type of animals should one choose for Qurbani?
- Animals which are healthy, free from faults and defects, should be chosen for Qurbani.
- What type of animals are not suitable for Qurbani?
- The following animals are not suitable for Qurbani:
1) An animal that is blind, one-eyed or has lost more than one-third of its eyesight.
2) Animals that have lost more than a third of the ear. Similarly, animals, which have no ears from birth. Animals with small ears are suitable.
3) Animals whose horn/s has been broken off from the root. However, an animal born without horns or if the horns are broken off but not from the root is suitable for Qurbani.
4) Animals, which have one, lame leg to the extent that it walks on three legs only and is unable to use the fourth leg. However, if the animal can walk to the place of slaughter on the fourth leg with a limp it will be allowed.
5) If an animal is injured whilst being slaughtered, e.g. it’s leg breaks, ear gets cut etc., the Qurbani will be valid.
6) If an animal was bought in a healthy and perfect state and thereafter became unfit for Qurbani then,
- If the owner is not wealthy (does not possess of nisaab) it will be permissible to offer this animal for Qurbani.
- If the owner is wealthy (possesses the Nisaab), then it is compulsory for him to obtain another animal.
- How should the meat of an animal which has seven shares be distributed?
- The meat of an animal which has seven shares (i.e. cow, ox, bull, buffalo, camel) must be equally distributed by weighing it properly. However, if the head, hooves and skin are also shared, then those who receive these parts must receive less meat than those who do not receive these parts.
- How should one distribute the share of his or her share of Qurbani amongst family?
- It is preferable to divide the meat into three parts. One part for one’s family, another should be distributed among friends and relatives, and the third amongst the poor and needy.
- Is it permissible to distribute Qurbani meat cooked at a Walima?
- Qurbani meat may be given out cooked or uncooked. It may also be cooked and given out at a Walima.
- Can the Qurbani meat or skin be sold?
- It is unlawful to sell any part of the Qurbani animal including its meat and skin.
- Can the meat or skin of the Qurbani animal be given as payment to the one skinning the Qurbani animal or to the butcher?
- It is not permissible to tender the meat and skin as payment to the slaughterer, skinner or butcher for rendering their services. Their fees should be paid separately.
- I am doing a Nafl Qurbani for my deceased father. Can the family eat from it?
- The meat of the voluntary (Nafl) Qurbani, which was made for a deceased person, may be eaten by all, just like one’s own Qurbani.