Cii Radio | 18 Rabi ul Akhir 1437/29 January 2016
Two short Surahs. You have memorised them and potentially read them often, too.
Did you know how they encapsulate key events in the Sirah of Nabi Muhammad SAW, the final messenger of Allah SWT to all of humanity? Read on..
1. Surah Dhuha (The Morning Light)
1. By the forenoon (after sun-rise);
2. And by the night when it is still (or darkens);
3. Your Lord (O Muhammad ()) has neither forsaken you nor hated you.
4. And indeed the Hereafter is better for you than the present (life of this world).
5. And verily, your Lord will give you (all i.e. good) so that you shall be well-pleased.
6. Did He not find you (O Muhammad ()) an orphan and gave you a refuge?
7. And He found you unaware (of the Qur’an, its legal laws, and Prophethood, etc.) and guided you?
8. And He found you poor, and made you rich (selfsufficient with selfcontentment, etc.)?
9. Therefore, treat not the orphan with oppression,
10. And repulse not the beggar;
11. And proclaim the Grace of your Lord (i.e. the Prophethood and all other Graces).
Revealed in Makkah, Surah Ad Duha, Chapter 93 of the Noble Qur’aan encapsulates key events prior to and at the Nubuwah being granted to Nabi Muhammad SAW.
- It speaks of Nabi SAW, the orphan. His father had passed away before his birth, his mother when he (SAW) was 6, and his father when he was 8.
- It speaks of Nabi SAW being unaware, before being guided. This refers to the bestowal of the gift of Nubuwwah(Prophethood) upon him by Allah SWT. As is mentioned in Surah An Nisa: “And Allah has revealed to you the Book and wisdom and has taught you that which you did not know. And ever has the favor of Allah upon you been great.” [4:113]
- It highlights Nabi SAW being poor, before being enriched.One dimension of this is manifested through Nabi SAW’s marriage with Sayyidah Khadijah bint Khuwaylid RA, who was a wealthy businesswoman.
The scholars of Tafseer say that Nabi SAW was granted wealth through the means of the wealth of Sayyidah Khadijah RA. She regarded her wealth to be Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)’s wealth. Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said: “She gave me her wealth, which I spent in the path of Allaah Ta’ala.”
Sayyidina Zaid bin Haarith (radhiAllaahu anhu) was being sold in Makkah (as a slave). Sayyidah Khadijah (radhiAllaahu anha) bought him and gave him as a gift to Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam). Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) set him free and made him like a son. Sayyidina Zaid (radhiAllaahu anhu) was also from amongst the very first persons to accept Islaam, and he participated in all the battles with Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam). Sayyida Khadija (radhiAllaahu anha) was the means of his being freed from the clutches of slavery, and placed in the service of Islaam.
- Amongst its meanings, it also foretells that the latter part of Nabi SAW’s life will be easier than what was experienced in the initial years.
2. Surah al Inshirah (The Opening Up)
1. Have We not opened your breast for you (O Muhammad ())?
2. And removed from you your burden,
3. Which weighed down your back?
4. And raised high your fame?
5. So verily, with the hardship, there is relief,
6. Verily, with the hardship, there is relief (i.e. there is one hardship with two reliefs, so one hardship cannot overcome two reliefs).
7. So when you have finished (from your occupation), then stand up for Allah’s worship (i.e. stand up for prayer).
8. And to your Lord (Alone) turn (all your intentions and hopes and) your invocations.
This Makki Surah chronicles the life of Nabi SAW post Nubuwah.
- It mentions the chest of Nabi SAW being expanded. Metaphorically, this can refer to assistance being granted for the Qur’an to be revealed upon the heart of Allah’s Messenger SAW so that role of being the final Messenger, who has the role of conveying the message to the whole of humanity until the end of time can be fulfilled.
- The quest for truth which had been pursued by Nabi SAW since youth would be fulfilled. And the insults that had been dished out against him because of him conveying a pure message would wane.
- The promise is made that Nabi SAW’s name would be elevated, and his message will become well known. This implies that Nabi SAW’s message would become widespread and he would be honoured and followed by many. At the time of his demise, all of Arabia had come under the banner of Tauheed.Abu Saeed al Khudri RA said: Angel Jibreel AS said to Allah’s Messenger, that Allah said: Do you know (O Muhammad) how I raised your mention? Qultu (I [the Prophet] said): Allahu ta’aala a’lam bihi [Allah the Most High knows].Allah said; Whenever I am mentioned, you [O Muhammad] are mentioned with Me. (idhadhukirtu, dhukirtu ma’i)”. Allah’s Messenger SAW is mentioned along with Allah’s name in everything – In the Shahadah[testimony of faith], Adhan [call to prayer], tashahud [in prayer], his name – Muhammad – is always mentioned next to Allah’s name. A most great honour
- It promises much ease after difficulty. This was fulfilled in the later Madani phase of Nabi SAW’s life, which was far more stable and blossoming for the mission than the initial hardships that had to be borne in Makkah
- After fulfillment of mission, Nabi SAW is instructed to direct his longing to Allah SWT. If we study the final days of the life of Allah’s Messenger, we see that he is preparing and devoted to returning to his Master.
“A slave was given a choice to stay in this world, or to be with the Master, and the slave chose the Master.”Sayyidina Abu Bakr RA started crying because he knew the slave who was given the choice was Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah (sal Allah alaihi wasalam.So what are the last words of Allah’s Messenger before he moved on to the next life? Allahuma ar-Rafeeq al A’la (Oh Allah, in the Highest friends company).