Is tawaaf alwida fardh and if so what should a woman who has her haidh do?
( Question published as received )
If a woman experiences her haidh (menses) in the five days of Hajj commencing from the 8th of Dhil-Hijjah till the 13th, she will do everything as a Hājjī is required to do . She will go to Minā on the 8th, Arafāt on the 9th, Minā on the 10th, 11th and 12th
The only issues she has to take into account are as follows:
1) Tawāful Ifadhah.
Tawāful Ifadhah is Fardh (Compulsory) and is an integral part of Hajj. The time for Tawāful Ifadhah is after pelting the Shaytan on the 10th of Dhil-Hijjah, after returning from Muzdalifah. A woman in a state of haidh cannot perform Tawāful Ifadhah as a woman in haidh cannot enter the Haram in that state. She will have to wait until her haidh is finished to perform her Tawāful Ifadhah.
However, this is a difficult problem many women face today, where they are coming with groups from distant countries and tickets etc. are already booked to return, and they are unable to wait alone or return to Makkah again due to the difficulties involved, allowance has given to her to do the following;
If waiting in Makkah until one becomes pure is extremely difficult due to the flight arrangements, and it is also difficult to return to Makkah at another time to perform the Tawaful Ifadaah (seeing that it is costly and one may live in a distant country),then she should wait until the last day arrives for her to be in Makkah, and if the menses do not stop until this time, then she should take a bath and quickly go to the Mataaf and make the Tawaful Ifadaah along with the Sa’ee. In this case, she will also give a big sacrifice(cow or camel).
She should also make istighfār for entering Masjid Al-Haram and doing Tawāf in an impure state. The Tawaf however would still be valid due to necessity and difficulty.
2) Tawāful Widā’
The final Tawāf before leaving Makkah is called Tawāful Widā’. This Tawāf is Wājib (Necessary). However, if a woman in haidh has done her Tawāful Ifadhah, but did not do Tawāful Widā’ due to her haidh and it is already time to depart then she may leave out the Tawāful Widā’. There will be no dam (penalty) on her for leaving out the Tawāful Widā’ due to her haidh.
الفقه الإسلامي وأدلته (3/ 534)
وإذا اضطرت المرأة اضطراراً شديداً لمغادرة مكة قبل انتهاء مدة الحيض أو النفاس، ولم تكن قد طافت طواف الإفاضة، فتغتسل وتشد الحفاظ الموضوع في أسفل البطن شداً محكماً، ثم تطوف بالبيت سبعاً طواف الإفاضة، ثم تسعى بين الصفا والمروة سبعاً، وعليها ذبح بدنة (وهي ما أتم خمس سنين من الإبل أو أتم سنتين من البقر) وذلك تقليداً للحنفية الذين يقولون بصحة الطواف حينئذ، مع الحرمة، ووجوب إهداء البدنة
البحر الرائق شرح كنز الدقائق ومنحة الخالق وتكملة الطوري (3/ 61) وَلَوْ حَاضَتْ قَبْلَ طَوَافِ الزِّيَارَةِ، وَلَمْ تَطْهُرْ، وَأَرَادَ الرُّفْقَةُ الْعَوْدَ تَهْجُمُ وَتَطُوفُ حَائِضًا وَتَذْبَحُ بَدَنَةً، وَلَكِنْ لَا نُفْتِي بِالتَّهَجُّمِ فَإِنْ لَمْ تَطُفْ تَبْقَى مُحْرِمَةً أَبَدًا إلَى أَنْ تَطُوفَ، وَكَذَا الرَّجُلُ لَوْ لَمْ يَطُفْهُ.
And Allah Knows Best.