Home | Publications | Al Jamiat Volume 7 No. 2 | To follow Imaam Abu Haneefah(A.R) or Rasulullah (S.A.W.)

To follow Imaam Abu Haneefah(A.R) or Rasulullah (S.A.W.)

(Continued from the last issue …..)

The following is a continuation of the discussion between a Ghair Muqallid (one who seeks to understand the laws of Islam directly from the Qur’aan and Hadeeth without the intermediary of the four Imaams of jurisprudence or one who does not follow the rulings of any one of these four Imaams) and the late grand Mufti of India, Hadrat Mufti Mahmoodul- Hassan Saahib Alaihir rahmah.

Hadrat Mufti Mahmood Saahib: We shall respectfully ask Imam Abu Haneefah Alaihir rahmah that one Hadeeth seemingly is not being practised upon. The Hadeeth is, “The Salaah of the one who does not read Surah Faatihah is not valid.”

Imaam Abu Haneefah will respond by saying, “Son, this Hadeeth pertains to a munfarid (a person who reads Salaah individually (alone) and also to the Imaam (the leader of the congregation).” Imaam Abu Haneefah further explains that the Salaah of the Imaam or the munfarid (the one reading alone) will not be valid if Surah Faatihah is not recited in Salaah. Guidance for the Muqtadee (i.e.one who follows the imaam) is provided in other Ahadeeth: “When the Imaam recites the Qur’aan, remain silent.” (Muslim)

(At this juncture, the Asr Azaan commenced. Hadrat Mufti Saahib invited the Ahle Hadeeth to join in the congregation.)

The Ahle Hadeeth: No! I have very important work. I have to go quickly.
Hadrat Mufti Mahmood Saahib: If you have to leave (before Salaah) then listen to one Hadeeth and then go. It is mentioned in authentic books of Hadeeth that when the Azaan is called shaytaan, passing wind, flees from that place. (Mishkaat)This is because everything which the voice of the Muazzin reaches, including stones, will testify in his (the Muazzin’s) favour. So shaytaan flees from the sound of the Azaan lest his name is also included in the list of those who will be witnesses.

Similarly, it is mentioned in another Hadeeth that whosoever imitates a people then he is from them.                                                                                  (Mishkaat)So if you run away (now after the Azaan) then you will be imitating the shaytaan. The scholars detest even the slightest of similarity with other nations, hence the following is attributed to the great Jurist, Imaam Maalik Alaihir rahmah in the book Aujazul Masaalik: In wudhu when water is put into the nostrils for cleaning, then one should also insert the little finger of the left hand to clean (the inside).One should not restrict the cleaning of the nostrils to the mere blowing since this is like the neighing of a donkey.

So you should avoid emulating shaytaan.

The Ahle Hadeeth walked away speechless.

For the benefit of our readers, we present the following additional notes to help understand the folly of the modernists of classifying as weak the Ahaadeeth used by the Hanafees.

The Ahle Hadeeth follower in the discussion with Hadrat Mufti Mahmood Saahib commented that the Hadeeth: “Whosoever has an Imaam (in Salaah,) the Imaam’s recitation is his (the follower’s) recitation also.” is weak due to the narrator Jaabir Jafee.

It should be borne in mind that Imaam Abu Haneefah , the Imaam of Jurisprudence was born in  80 A.H. and passed away  150 A.H. Imaam Bukhaari Alaihir rahmah was born in 194 A.H. All other scholars of Ahaadeeth were also born after Imaam Abu Haneefah. Now Imaam Abu Haneefah’s  teacher was the giant scholar Imaam Hammaad Alaihir rahmah who studied under Hadrat Ibraaheem Nakha’ee Alaihir rahmah whose famous teachers were Hadrat Alqamah Alaihir rahmah and Hadrat Saalim Alaihir rahmah. Now these two were taught by the renowned Sahaabi of our Nabi Sallallaahu alaihi wasallam, Hadrat Abdullah bin Mas’ood Radiyallaahu anhu. None in this entire chain, including Imaam Abu Haneefah, were weak in their memory nor was there any other blemish upon their character. Furthermore, all of the above scholars were accepted as leading scholars of their times, being very proficient in the science of Hadeeth and also renowned for their piety.

Then, 120 years after Imaam Abu Haneefah, the Muhadithoon (Scholars of Hadeeth) began compiling  Hadeeth literature. In this long span, many other narrators came into the chains of the Hadeeth narrators. Some narrators may have been weak with the habit of forgetfulness. Based on their criterion, the Scholars of Hadeeth classified some chains of narrators as weak but this does not mean that the Hadeeth in relation to our Nabi Sallallaahu alaihi wasallam is defective, nor does it mean that Imaam Abu Haneefah had extracted laws (masaa’il) from weak Ahaadeeth.

An example is the above-mentioned Hadeeth related by Jaabir Jaafee, which states that the recitation of the Imaam (in Salaah) will suffice for the follower. When this narration reached Imaam Abu Haneefah, let alone the father and grandfather of Jaabir Jaafee, perhaps even his great grandfather  was not even born then. So how could practicing upon this Hadeeth by Imaam Abu Haneefah be incorrect?

We learn the following from the aforementioned discussion:-

(1)    It is extremely erroneous and misleading to classify the Ahaadeeth practised upon by the Hanafees as weak.
(2)    The correct meaning of the saying of Imaam Abu Haneefah that an authentic Hadeeth is his ruling. This saying is only applicable if the Imaam has not substantiated his point by means of any Qur’aanic verse or Hadeeth. It does not mean that we should reject the Ahaadeeth from which the Imaam has deduced his rulings.
(3)    The modernist Salafis are devious, and hence deceptively quote out of context.
(4)    The modernist Salafis claim to follow and practice upon the Hadeeth. However, the reality and truth  is that they do not. In fact, they end up rejecting more Ahaadeeth than accepting.

May Allah Ta’aala protect us from falling into deviation, Aameen

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