Question and Answer:
Q. I would like to know if it is permissible to marry in the month of muharram/safar as i am planning a nikah in the month of December in which Muharam/Safar does fall, i have been told that it is not permissible to marry in those months, please could u clarify this for me as soon as possible by replying to my email.
(There may be grammatical and spelling errors in the above question. Questions are published as received)
A. It is permissible to marry in the month of Muharram, Safar or any other Islamic month of the year. There is no prohibition recorded in the Qur’an or Hadith with regards to marrying in any particular month. In fact, Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) has strongly condemned the misconception that certain months hold bad luck. It is narrated on the authority of Abu Hurayrah (Radiyallahu Anhu) that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said:
(In Islam) There is no such thing as contagion*, bad omens, superstition and bad luck in Safar. (Sahih al-Bukhari, Hadith #: 5425)
To believe that the Month of Safar is inauspicious, and particularly to believe that its first thirteen days are ‘bad luck’ or that it is harmful to marry or propose to marry or undertake a journey, etc., during these days are beliefs which are against the teachings of Islam.
In pre-Islamic days people considered the Month of Safar to be evil and ominous. Rasoolullah Sallallaahu Alaihi Wasallam strongly rejected such beliefs and ideas. The truth is that no time, day, month or date is in itself evil, but the deeds of people are either good or bad. The time spent in the performance of good deeds will be auspicious and the time spent in sin and the disobedience of Allah Ta’ala will be evil and ominous.
The Month of Safar is not ominous. Evil deeds and incorrect beliefs are ominous and should be given up and repented for. It is incorrect to postpone or delay marriage or its proposal or a journey, etc. because of such beliefs.
Rejecting the false beliefs of the days of ignorance Rasoolullah Sallallaahu Alaihi Wasallam said, ‘Belief in ill-omen is Shirk (polytheistic) (he said this thrice) and the owl’s ominousness is nothing.’ The Mushriks of Arabia used to believe that a house near which an owl screeches will be ruined, hence, Rasoolullah Sallallaahu Alaihi Wasallam refuted this belief as false. Thereafter, he said, ‘There is nothing ominous about the Month of Safar’. (Bukhari vol.1 pg.857)
The polytheists believed the Month of Safar up to the 13th day to be inauspicious, hence, Rasoolullah Sallallaahu Alaihi Wasallam rejected this superstition. It is therefore wrong for Muslims, who are the followers of Rasoolullah Sallallaahu Alaihi Wasallam, to adopt the ways of the non-Muslims and to entertain the very beliefs which he had come to change.
May Allah Ta’ala grant all Muslims the ability to accept and practice upon all the beautiful teachings of Rasoolullah Sallallaahu Alaihi Wasallam, Aameen.
Source: Fataawa Raheemia
* It should be noted that it is not permissible to hold the belief that a disease or sickness is contagious by itself. Rather, one should have the belief that one can contract a disease or sickness only by the will of Allah and by being in close proximity or in contact with a sick person, it may be a means of contracting the sickness by the will of Allah. If Allah does not will for a person to contract a disease or illness, he will not contract the disease or illness, regardless of him being in close proximity or contact with the sick person.
And Allah Knows Best
Jamiatul Ulama (KZN)
Council of Muslim Theologians