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Summary of a Discourse by Shaykh Abdul Mueed (Hafizahullah)

  1. The inner temptations or ego of a person known as nafs is addressed in the Quran – 3 levels are discussed – The first and lowest level is Nafs Ammarah – the  mighty instructor with evil, the nafs is in full control and leads the cause of vice. The second level is Nafs Lawwamah – where a person is troubled at times and concedes to the nafs, and at other times, one is able to overpower its advancement. The third level is Nafs Mutmainnah – the soul that is content and unperturbed by pressure of evil temptations – it is not easily overpowered and the person has a high level of control over it. This third level is desired. To acquire this, effort is needed.


  1. Today we find people very concerned about worldly advancement. Time, energy and resources are spent to ensure we live a life of comfort and luxury. There is this belief that to acquire a good life we have to labour to attain it. We understand the necessity of daily work and routine to acquire worldly progress and prosperity. We are committed to these worldly tasks and duties because of our conviction of success that comes with it. However, the tragedy is that this same approach and commitment is not found regarding our real life of the hereafter. The proactive approach we adopt for worldly progress should be to a much greater extent adopted for the success of the hereafter.


  1. The challenge now is to rectify this mindset, that just as we labour for the world to acquire the world, we need to labour for the hereafter to attain a good life there. Are we as eager to strive for the life of the hereafter as we are committed to the routine of this world ?


  1. From the Quran we learn, admittance into Jannah is based on 2 significant efforts – to recognize and be aware of accountability to Allah Ta’ala and to restrain the nafs (ego) from giving expression to evil temptations. If these concepts and traits are entrenched and practiced with steadfastness then admittance into paradise is certain.


  1. The journey of life is in motion – how are we passing this life? Focusing on our accountability to our Creator will allow us to live life cautiously and consciously. The escalation of vice and the carefree approach people have taken to life is because the reality and fear of accountability has left the heart.


  1. One effective way to develop fear of accountability is to reflect every night on the day’s actions before sleeping. Think over one’s actions, words, thoughts, etc. Through this reflection one will realise that every aspect of one’s life – time, health, wealth will all be accounted for in the court of Allah Ta’ala.


  1. The biggest challenge we face today in  achieving the realities of contemplation and reflection is our preoccupation with social media. We have become so attached to our devices that there is barely a time that we are free from it. Even in the masjid we see how occupied people are with their devices.


  1. People of the past lived without this technology – we feel that this is advancement – it is actually decline and degeneration – the unlawful content viewed on social media is also part of temptations which need to be controlled.


  1. A large part of social media is filled with impurity and soils the mind and heart – the pre condition of salaah is outer purification – what then about the inner purification of heart? When the inner is not cleansed then there is no effect and sweetness in worship.


  1. Social media has estranged family members from each other – how will the tarbiyat of the family take place ? When spouses are not friends with each other, then friends will be sought elsewhere – what is the worth of a person who has no love or friendship!


  1. To establish the fear of Allah Ta’ala,  reflect over punishments and consequences and communicate with oneself about these realities.


  1. To curb temptations the first step is to curtail  the permissible – if there’s no harm in omitting, then leave it out – the nafs will be trained – since the boundary of permissible is attached with impermissible stay with in a safe distance – but can lead onto impermissible.


  1. Our purpose of being in this world is to achieve the success of the hereafter – all our works and words are for that life – there should be no pursuit in this life that deprives us of bliss in the everlasting life – always ask for Jannat and make a full effort for it – May Allah Ta’ala protect us from negligence and from a life of neglect.

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