Home | Publications | Al-Jamiat Volume 9 No. 1 | Questions & Answers

Questions & Answers

Q. Is it permissible to do circumcision with laser? They say that it more comfortable in adulthood.

A. Yes, it is permissible to do circumcision by means of a laser and the Sunnah of circumcision will be fulfilled.

Q. I swore an oath for the sake of Allah and broke it. How can I atone for my sin?

A. As Muslims, we should constantly be conscious of the grandeur and majesty of our Creator. A true Muslim never takes the name of Allah in jest nor does he take an oath in the name of Allah for trivial issues. The name of Allah should be taken with utmost reverence and respect, especially when taking an oath. It is for this reason that a penalty has been imposed on a person for not fulfilling his oath if taken in the name of Allah. The Kaffarah (atonement) for breaking the oath is to feed ten poor people the average type of meal (the value of one meal is the value of 2.5kg of flour or wheat), or clothe them, or if he is unable to afford this, he will have to fast three days consecutively.

Allah does not hold you accountable for your laghw (ineffectual) oaths, but He does hold you accountable for the oath with which you have bound yourself. Its expiation is to feed ten poor persons at an average of what you feed your family with, or to clothe them, or to free a slave. However, if someone cannot afford, he has to fast for three days. That is expiation for the oaths that you have sworn. Take care of your oaths. That is how Allah makes His signs clear to you, so that you may be grateful.  (Surah al-Ma’idah, Verse: 89)

Q. Is it permissible to sterilize pets (for example, cats & birds)? Also, can we castrate cattle (calves) to improve the quality of the meat?

A. It will be permissible sterilize pets if there is a need. (Fatawa Mahmoodiyyah, Vol: 17, Pg: 340, Farooqiyyah)

It is also permissible to castrate cattle and sheep to improve the quality of the meat. In fact, it is Mustahab (preferable) to slaughter a castrated animal for Qurbani. It is recorded in the Hadith that when Nabi Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam used to do Qurbani, he used to purchase two castrated sheep.

Q. I was told that only the following items may be given as Sadaqah:

1 x loaf of bread, 1 x 1lt milk, 1 x 1/2 dozen eggs, 1 x small packet of salt, 1 x small packet of sugar, 1 x 1L oil.

I thought that anything can be given as Sadaqah, any kind of food or clothing. Is the above correct?

Also, I want to give Sadaqah on behalf of my family for protection from evil and Nazr. What is the purpose of Sadaqah?

A. Optional Sadaqah can be given with any permissible item that maybe of benefit to a living creature. The Hadith has mentioned that planting a tree is a Sadaqah for the person as long as living creatures take benefit from the tree. (Sahih Muslim, Hadith #: 1552, Narrated by Jabir)

In another Hadith, it is mentioned that smiling at the next Muslim brother is a Sadaqah and removing an obstacle from the pathway is also a Sadaqah. (Nasai, Hadith #: 8979, Narrated by Abu Zarr)

Thus, the notion that Sadaqah can only be given with a specific range of items is incorrect. Sadaqah may be given in the form of money, clothes, sweets, or whatever will make the next person happy.

Sadaqah is effective in warding off calamities, cooling the wrath of Allah, and saving a person from an evil death as mentioned in the Hadith. (Tirmizi, Hadith #: 664, Narrated by Anas bin Malik)

Q. How long is the time of the night prayer (Esha)? When is it better to perform it?

A. According to the Hanafi Madhab, the time for this Salaah starts from night and ends at dawn (when Sehri ends). Night refers to the disappearance of the whiteness on the western horizon. After this whiteness disappears the time of Isha Salaah sets in. (al-Lubab, Vol: 1, Pg: 59)

The most preferable time to perform this Salaah, according to the Hanafi Madhab is just before one third of the night passes. (Tabyinul Haqa’iq, Vol: 1, Pg: 83)

However, when stipulating the time for Jamaat, we should consider the convenience of the people in the locality.

Q. We have no religious scholars in our region (Novorossiysk, Krasnodar region, Russia) and that’s why we rely mostly on websites and opinions of scholars found on the internet.

Our imam said that it doesn’t matter whether skin was tanned or not: it is Haraam in any case, because Allah absolutely clearly pointed out the prohibition of pigs and dead meat in any of their forms.

Is this true?

A. According to the Hanafi Madhab, the skins of all animals are considered to be pure after being tanned besides the skin of the pig. This is based on the Hadith of Nabi Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam:

“All skins that have been tanned become pure” (Tirmizi, Hadith #: 1728, Narrated by Ibn Abbaas)

The skin of the pig is excluded from this Hadith due to the verse of the Qur’an specifically mentioning that the pig is impure in its entirety. (Surah al-An’aam, verse: 145)

Q. Respected Muslim brothers, I’d like to ask you a question. I am a Muslim from Kazakhstan and I’ve been praying Salaah for 2 years and I’ve been seeing a girl for the same period but I am unable to convince her to pray Salaah and don the Hijab. Whenever I try to encourage her, she says that she will become religiously inclined on her own someday. I love her very much, and Masha Allah I’m not the type of person to date a girl to get into bed with her. InshaAllah, I want to marry her. But I can’t explain it to her. Even when I just try to talk Arabic, she is uncomfortable with it.

It seems to me that she is extremely afraid of Islam and hence doesn’t want to come to it. After every Salaah, I ask Allah to guide her. I hope that one day; she’ll become a good mother and a wise wife Insha Allah. However, her dressing is inappropriate and I dislike they way she dresses. In the mean time, I’ve been studying Islam and Salaah and my views on life have changed Alhamdulillah. Please guide me on how to create the awareness for Deen in her heart! Thank you!

A. Masha Allah, it is pleasing to note your concern for Deen and Salaah. May Allah keep you steadfast and grant you the best of both worlds. Aameen.

At the outset, it is important to note that any form of communication with this female is Haraam (prohibited) in Islam. The Shari’ah has prohibited all types of relationships outside marriage regardless of what the intent may be. Having the intention to marry the girl does not justify the misdeed for such contact is considered to be adulterous in Shari’ah and will bring about negative consequences.

We understand from your query that you wish to marry this girl. Marriage is a sacred and Divine bond bestowed upon mankind by Allah. For this Divine bond to be successful we are in need of Divine Guidance and Allah has provided us with the appropriate divine guidance through the medium of Nabi Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam. Rasoolullah Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam said:

“A woman may be married for four reasons: for her wealth, her status, her beauty, and her religion; so try to be fortunate by marrying one who is religious…” (Sahih al-Bukhari, Hadith #: 5090, Narrated by Abu Hurairah)

This Hadith clearly advises us that when looking for a wife, her main feature of attraction should be her religiousness and obedience to Allah. If you really like this girl, then you should speak to your Mahram female relatives to encourage her towards practicing Deen. If she changes and begins to practice Deen, you may then marry her. However, if she desists, then we advise you – for your own good – to move on with your life and marry a girl who is pious and will assist you in the obedience of Allah.

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