Nasihah (Advice): A true believer is one who can be trusted with the lives and wealth of the people
Sayyiduna Abu Hurairah Radhiyallahu Anhu reports that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said: “The Muslim is the one from (the harm of) his tongue and hand (other) Muslims are safe, and the Believer is the one with whom the people trust their blood (life) and their wealth.” (Tirmidhi)
Question and Answer:
- Is it permissible to contribute and benefit from a fund in this way: 12 people contribute a R1000 each to a fund for 12 Months. At the end of every Month, 1 person is chosen from the 12 people to benefit from the fund (R12.000.00) based on a draw. So, every Month, a new person is chosen to benefit from the fund (12.000.00) based on a draw. At the end of the 12 Months, every person would have contributed R12.000 to the fund and would have taken back their R12.000.00.
The benefit on such a fund is that the person who is chosen in advanced uses the money to his benefit whilst continuing to pay in instalments but the person chosen last does not really benefit in any way although he gets his money back. Is this type of fund permissible?
- One of the main purposes of forming a fund/union as explained in reference (also known as stokvels) is to assist one another with expenses on a Monthly basis. This is commonly practiced amongst family members and business people.
This type of fund/union is not formed as a partnership, investment scheme that generates profits or a loaning scheme. It is simply formed on the basis of loyalty and mutual understanding to mutually assist one another.
In the enquired situation, forming such a fund/union will be permissible. (Aap Ke Masaail Aur Unka Hal 6/262)
Note: One should ensure that such a fund/union is Shariah Compliant before forming or contributing to it by seeking guidance from the Ulama.
And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best
Mufti Ismaeel Bassa
Mufti Ebrahim Desai
(Islamic rulings on this Q&A newsletter are answered in accordance to the Hanafi Fiqh)